NURS   201. Concepts of Professional Nursing. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits ( 2 credits lecture). Prerequisite: admission to the School of Nursing. Provides a foundation for all clinical nursing courses. Content focuses on professionalism, professional nursing values and health care delivery The core competencies identified by the Institute of Medicine for health care professionals are introduced as critical components of professional nursing practice, and selected concepts related to these core competencies are emphasized. Course activities are structured to establish effective professional behaviors and learning strategies useful across one's professional career.

NURS   202. Technologies of Nursing Practice. 6 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture and 90 clinical/laboratory hours. (3 credits lecture and 3 credits clinical/laboratory). 6 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the School of Nursing. This course introduces the student to the study and application of skills and interventions basic to nursing practice. Content focuses on the development of cognitive, psychomotor, affective, interpersonal and communication skills to become effective members of the collaborative health care team. Students will learn how the concepts of nursing process and evidence-based clinical decision-making are integrated into practice. Opportunities are provided for practice and demonstration of selected skills in the laboratory and in clinical settings. This course emphasizes techniques for the safe acquisition and management of patient information.

NURS   261. Health Assessment for Nursing Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture and 30 clinical/lab hours. 3 credits (2 credits lecture and 1 credit clinical/lab). Prerequisite: PHIS   206. Pre- or corequisite: NURS   201. Enrollment requires admission to the School of Nursing. This course builds on the biopsychosocial sciences and focuses on development of knowledge, skills and techniques necessary for history-taking and physical examination in adults. Students are introduced to the nursing process and diagnostic reasoning skills are developed through analysis and documentation of assessment data. A laboratory experience provides opportunities for students to integrate communication and problem-solving skills with the health assessment process. The course focuses on the healthy adult patient and emphasizes the diversity of patient populations in health care settings.

NURS   301. Nursing Informatics. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the School of Nursing. This course focuses on data management and use of information and technology to communicate effectively, provide safe and effective patient care and use research and clinical evidence to inform nursing practice decisions. The course emphasizes information literacy and its application to nursing practice and effective health care delivery. Course delivered online.

NURS   305. Knowledge Validation by Portfolio. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 credits. Prerequisite: acceptance into the RN Completion Program and/or faculty recommendation. Culminates in submission of a portfolio for validation of course-specific knowledge and evaluation for full or partial credit. Elective. RN students only. Involves self-assessment of prior learning for RN. Requires correlation of experiential and theoretical knowledge with objectives of selected nursing courses.

NURS   307. Foundations of Professional Nursing I. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the School of Nursing. Corequsite: NURS   301. This course explores historical and contemporary trends influencing professional nursing practice within the U.S. health care system. The course focuses on research within the context of nursing’s development as a profession and discipline and within the context of evidence-based practice. The research process and analysis of research studies are emphasized. Course delivered online.

NURS   308. Foundation of Professional Nursing II. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   301 and NURS   307, both with minimum grades of C. This course focuses on the impact of regulation and accreditation on safe patient care delivery. The course emphasizes concepts related to professional nursing practice and explores selected internal and external forces that influence health care delivery. Students will evaluate current nursing practice within the context of previous nursing education and professional nursing standards. Upon successful completion of this course, proficiency credits for prior nursing education will be conferred. Course delivered online.

NURS   309. Population Health. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 credits lecture. 3 credits. Prerequisites: admission to School of Nursing and NURS   301 and NURS   307, both with minimum grades of C. This course focuses on core concepts of population health. Socioeconomic, lifestyle, environmental, genetic and other major determinants of population health are examined. The nurse’s role in health promotion, disease and injury prevention across the lifespan are emphasized. The importance of collaboration with populations and other health care professionals is highlighted. Course delivered online.

NURS   325. Nursing of Adults I. 6 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture and 90 clinical hours. 6 credits (3 credits lecture and 3 credits clinical/laboratory). Prerequisites: NURS   201, NURS   202 and NURS   261. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Focuses on adult and geriatric patients with acute and chronic physical illnesses that have relatively stable trajectories. Provides theoretical and evidence-based foundations for nursing management and related therapeutic regimens. Emphasizes clinical decision-making and technical skills in the provision of care to adult and geriatric patients in a variety of health care settings.

NURS   335. Nursing of Women. 5 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture and 60 clinical/laboratory hours. 5 credits (3 credits lecture and 2 credits clinical/laboratory). Prerequisites: NURS   201, NURS   202 and NURS   261. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Examines the health needs of women across the life span with an emphasis on the health needs of the childbearing family. Applies nursing process, theory and research with an emphasis on the development of critical thinking skills in the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to health needs of women, neonates and families. Practices clinical skills and applies theoretical knowledge in selected ambulatory care settings for women's health and post-discharge care, and hospital settings for antenatal, intrapartum, post-partum and neonatal experiences.

NURS   345. Nursing of Children. 5 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture and 60 clinical/laboratory hours. 5 credits (3 credits lecture and 2 credits clinical/laboratory). Prerequisites: NURS   201, NURS   202 and NURS   261. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Examines the health needs of children within the context of the family system, environment, developmental capability, stress and adaptation. Focuses on application of evidence, the nursing process, written and oral communication skills and critical thinking when giving nursing care to well and ill children. Applies current theory and evidence to children and their families in clinical experiences. Reinforces standards of care for both well and ill children and their families.

NURS   355. Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing. 5 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture and 60 clinical hours. 5 credits (3 credits lecture and 2 credits clinical laboratory). Prerequisites: NURS   201, NURS   202 and NURS   261. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Examines theoretical, empirical and practical knowledge applied to the prevention and treatment of common psychiatric and mental health conditions encountered in basic nursing practice. Provides students with an integrative perspective from which to incorporate various frameworks of knowledge into practice. Provides didactic knowledge and clinical learning experiences to facilitate students' understanding of actual and potential psychiatric illnesses and mental health problems in individuals, families and communities.

NURS   365. PATHOPHYS & PHARMACOL I. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisites: anatomy, physiology and microbiology; BIOL   205, PHIS   206, BIOL   209 and admission to the School of Nursing. Introduces general and foundational principles in pathophysiology and pharmacology. Examines pathophysiological mechanisms selected diseases, syndromes and/or conditions and integrates related pharmacotherapeutics. Establishes a biophysiological basis for understanding relevant clinical assessments, clinical manifestations and disease trajectories. Provides a foundation for establishing physiological priorities for nursing care.

NURS   366. Pathophysiology and Pharmacology II. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 lecture credits). Prerequisite: NURS   365 completed with a minimum grade of C. Examines pathophysiological mechanisms in selected human systems diseases, syndromes and/or conditions and integrates related pharmacotherapeutics. Establishes a biophysiological basis for understanding relevant clinical assessments, clinical manifestations and disease trajectories. Provides a foundation for establishing physiological priorities for nursing care.

NURS   367. Applied Principles of Health and Disease. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: anatomy and physiology; BIOL   205 and PHIS   206. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Expands on a foundation of basic knowledge of normal functioning and common pathophysiologic conditions. Based on common principles of health and disease: homeostasis and disruptions of homeostasis, growth cycles, communication of information, and repair and regeneration. Develops a foundation of current knowledge in the area of physiology/pathophysiology for practice.

NURS   371. Evidence-based Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: STAT   210, NURS   201, NURS   202. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. This overview course focuses on the knowledge and skills required to enact evidence-based practice over one's professional life. Students will examine the relevance of nursing research to evidence-based practice as they review important research concepts and identify factors affecting utilization of evidence in practice. The course formally introduces a model for evidence-based practice with an emphasis on the components of searching for, appraising and synthesizing best evidence.

NURS   396. Nursing Internship. 1-5 Hours.

Semester course; 120 clinical hours per credit. Variable credit. May be repeated. Prerequisites: NURS   325, NURS   335, NURS   345, NURS   355, NURS   365, NURS   366 and NURS   371. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Provides combination supervised clinical experience and paid work experience in selected settings of the VCU Medical Center. Many of these settings are not available in traditional curriculum. Introduces students to the work life of a nurse.

NURS   397. International Comparison of Nursing Education and Clinical Care. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 30 clinical hours. 1 credit (1 credit clinical/lab). Enrollment restricted to students in the nursing program of the University of Cordoba or VCU. This course focuses on a comparison of the nature of nursing in two countries: the United States and Spain. Specifically, the course focuses on comparing and contrasting the health care systems and examining the nursing education systems and nursing student experiences in Spain and the U.S. Students from the University of Cordoba will engage in clinical simulations designed to expose them to the high fidelity simulators used in U.S. schools. Additionally, students from both schools will engage in guided observation of nursing care provided to patients in acute care settings and citizens within community-based settings.

NURS   403. Evidence-based Practice in Health Care. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   308 with a minimum grade of C. This course formally introduces models for evidence-based practice, examines hierarchies of evidence, reviews change theories useful to initiate EBP and identifies individual and organizational resources needed for EBP. Emphasis is on developing skills in retrieving and appraising literature relevant to clinical problems, understanding the research process and critiquing evidence from research publications and other sources to inform evidence-based nursing practice. Course delivered online.

NURS   406. Interprofessional Collaborative Practice. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   308 with a minimum grade of C. Explores the necessity for interprofessionalism in the contemporary health care environment. Core competencies and best practices for interprofessional collaborative practice are emphasized. Participation in virtual team activities provides students with opportunities to apply interprofessional knowledge, skills and attitudes that improve practice and impact patient care outcome. Course delivered online.

NURS   407. Using Evidence in Clinical Practice. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   301 and NURS   307. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Focuses on skills required to enact evidence-based practice (EBP) over one's professional life, including synthesis of appropriate evidence for use in practice. Formally introduces models for EPB, reviews change theories useful to initiate EBP and identifies individual and organizational resources needed for EBP.

NURS   408. Ethics, Law and Public Policy: Application to Nursing Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   308 with a minimum grade of C. This course examines ethics, law and public policy that influence nursing practice and the nature and function of the health care system. The emphasis of the course will be on the role of the professional nurse as advocate for patients, families, communities and the nursing profession, as well as an advocate for changes in the health care system as needed. Course delivered online.

NURS   409. Population Health: Application to Nursing Practice. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 60 clinical hours. 2 credits (2 credits clinical/lab). Prerequisites: NURS   308 and NURS   309, both with minimum grades of C. This course provides opportunity to apply core concepts of population health in a community within the framework of the nursing process. Epidemiological and population-level data will be used to develop and/or guide interventions in the management of care. The course emphasizes evidence-based approaches to achieving sustainable population health outcomes. Course delivered online.

NURS   410. Applied Ethics in Clinical Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisite: NURS   301. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Identifies and examines ethical and moral dilemmas encountered in professional nursing practice. Examines personal value systems related to nursing ethics. Discusses relationships between professional nursing and resolution of moral dilemmas. Applies ethical principles to selected dilemmas in clinical nursing practice including patients' rights, informed consent, confidentiality, quality of life, and death and dying.

NURS   415. Community Health Nursing: Theory and Application. 5 Hours.

Semester course; 5 lecture hours. 5 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   301, NURS   307. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Through this course, which includes 45 hours of community health field experiences, the student will develop an understanding of population-focused nursing based on the scope and core functions of public health. The course provides theoretical content essential to the assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation of the health of communities. The course utilizes an epidemiological approach to population-focused nursing. The course emphasizes the study and application of community health nursing roles for health promotion and disease prevention. The course also evaluates the effects of contemporary issues and health policy on the public's health.

NURS   416. Community Health Nursing. 5 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture and 60 clinical hours. 5 credits (3 credits lecture and 2 credits clinical laboratory). Prerequisites: NURS   325, NURS   335, NURS   345, NURS   355, NURS   365, NURS   366 and NURS   371. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Develops knowledge for care of communities and populations based on the core functions of public health. Provides theory essential to the assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation of communities. Emphasizes the study and application of community health nursing roles for health promotion and disease prevention. Concentrates on an epidemiological approach to population-focused nursing. Evaluates the effects of contemporary issues and health policy on the public's health. Directs an evidence-based service-learning project to prevent disease and promote and preserve the health of populations at risk.

NURS   425. Nursing of Adults II. 6 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture and 90 clinical hours. 6 credits (3 credits lecture and 3 credits clinical laboratory). Prerequisites: NURS   325, NURS   335, NURS   345, NURS   355, NURS   365, NURS   366 and NURS   371. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Focuses on the patient in acute phases of physical illnesses and with complicated multisystem health problems. Provides theoretical and evidence-based foundations for nursing management and related therapeutic regimens. Focuses on the development and application of clinical decision-making and an evidence-based model in the provision of care to acutely ill adults in a variety of settings.

NURS   461. Advanced Clinical Assessment. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   301. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Expands existing physical and psychosocial assessment skills to address selected complex patient problems. Focuses on acquisition of clinical evidence for assessment of rapidly changing situations, patient risk and situations related to patient safety. Critical analysis of patient data, prioritization of patient needs and effective communication are emphasized.

NURS   462. Advanced Pathophysiological Concepts: Application to Patient Care. 3 Hours.

Semester; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   308 and NURS   403, both with minimum grades of C. This course expands on basic knowledge of normal physiology and common pathophysiologic conditions across the lifespan. The course focuses on advanced knowledge of pathophysiology in relation to complex health care conditions. Integration of appropriate assessment skills and evidence-based pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions are highlighted. The nurse’s role in anticipating complications and evaluating clinical outcomes is emphasized. Course delivered online.

NURS   477. Leadership and Management in Health Care. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits: Prerequisites: NURS   308, NURS   309 and NURS   403, all with minimum grades of C; corequisite: NURS   406. This course examines principles of leadership and management that facilitate coordination and implementation of safe, quality-oriented and ethical patient care. The course emphasizes development of leadership competencies within contexts of the nursing community and interprofessional team in a variety of settings within the contemporary health care delivery system. Course delivered online.

NURS   478. Leadership and Management in Health Care: Theory and Application. 6 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture and 90 clinical/laboratory hours (3 credits lecture and 3 credits clinical/laboratory). 6 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   325, NURS   335, NURS   345, NURS   355, NURS   365, NURS   366 and NURS   371, all completed with a minimum grade of C. Integrates principles of leadership and management to prepare students for management, coordination and implementation of safe and ethical patient care in contemporary health care delivery systems. Based on an understanding of nursing's development as a profession, advances enactment of professionalism. Precepted clinical experiences provide opportunities to apply leadership and management principles to nursing practice in a variety of settings and specialty areas.

NURS   488. Practicum in Clinical and Management Decision-making. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 clinical hours (90 clinical/laboratory hours). 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   406, NURS   462 and NURS   477, all with minimum grades of C. This course is designed as the culminating or capstone experience for the R.N.-to-B.S. completion program. This preceptor-supervised practicum provides opportunities to evaluate outcomes of baccalaureate education within the context of the clinical practice setting, to apply leadership principles and change theories to clinical and management decision-making, to employ concepts of quality and safety, and to use quality improvement processes in the health care setting. Course delivered online.

NURS   491. Special Topics Course. 1-6 Hours.

Semester course; 1-6 lecture hours. 1-6 credits (1-6 credits lecture). Prerequisites: admission to the School of Nursing and permission of instructor. An in-depth exploration of specific topics in nursing theory and practice.

NURS   492. Elective Study. 1-5 Hours.

1-5 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the School of Nursing. Independent study projects planned to meet the learning objectives of the student.

NURS   496. Senior Synthesis. 7 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture and 150 clinical hours. Honors section only: 2 lecture, 1 seminar and 150 clinical hours. 7 credits (2 credits lecture and 5 credits clinical laboratory). Honors section: 8 credits (2 credits lecture, 1 credit seminar [2 contact hours] and 5 credits clinical laboratory). Prerequisites: NURS   325, NURS   335, NURS   345, NURS   355, NURS   365, NURS   366, NURS   371, NURS   425 IPEC   501 IPEC   502. Honors section prerequisite: NURS   512. All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C. This course is designed as a culminating experience that meets the criteria of the third tier of the VCU Core Curriculum. It prepares students for successful transition into professional practice; thus it requires higher-level cognitive processes that include synthesis of knowledge, evidence and skills from all previous course work and clinical experiences. The course requires that the student consistently enact professional practice demonstrate competency in standards of care, application of evidence, professionalism and safe and legal practice. This course is taken during the last semester of the nursing program.

NURS   501. Advanced Professionalization I. 1 Hour.

Semester course delivered online; 1 lecture hour. 1 credit. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Focuses on socialization to the roles and responsibilities related to advanced nursing preparation. Introduces the history, competencies and roles of advanced practice nursing with an emphasis on role acquisition. Addresses trends and issues which shape advanced practice nursing.

NURS   502. Advanced Nursing Practice: Pharmacotherapeutics. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Develops the requisite knowledge of pharmacotherapeutics necessary for the safe pharmacological management of common patient problems by the advanced practice nurse.

NURS   503. Ethics, Advanced Nursing Practice and the Health Care Environment. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   501. Grounded in the disciplinary perspective and heritage of nursing, emphasizes analysis of ethical concepts foundational to advanced nursing practice while considering diverse perspectives of the patient, family, health care team and organizational system. Focuses on applying ethical decision-making frameworks to analyze ethical dilemmas and negotiating individual and team-based values. Addresses development of effective communication and leadership strategies for promoting ethical health care delivery and managing ethical conflicts.

NURS   504. Advanced Nursing Practice: The Biological Basis of Health and Illness Across the Lifespan. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the nursing program. Focuses on the biological and pathophysiological foundations of health problems across the life span. Uses biologic changes underlying selected health risks and health problems as a framework for critically appraising health assessment data and for understanding advanced nursing therapeutic strategies.

NURS   505. Advanced Nursing Practice: Foundations in Health Care Finance. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Provides students with knowledge and skills necessary to develop and manage operating and capital budgets in a health care environment. Introduces health care economics and accounting principles appropriate for health care financial management. Provides instruction for the development of financial spreadsheets and analyses using selected computer software programs.

NURS   506. Leadership in Health Care and Nursing (Nurse Leadership Institute). 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. The mission of the Nurse Leadership Institute is to inspire, teach and empower nurse managers seeking to grow as leaders and become catalysts for change. This course explores the role of nursing leaders and their impact on the social, ethical and political issues affecting current and future nursing and health care delivery systems.

NURS   507. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Across the Lifespan. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Pre- or corequisite: NURS   504. Focuses on advanced nursing assessment and the design and delivery of evidence-based, culturally relevant health promotion and disease prevention strategies for individuals across the lifespan. Applies theories, concepts and research findings related to health promotion, health protection and disease prevention as a basis for clinical decision-making with child, adolescent and adult patients and their families within a variety of care settings.

NURS   508. Policy, Processes and Systems for Advanced Nursing Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the nursing program. Explores various influences on the structure and financing of health care, advanced nursing practice and health outcomes from a macro and micro perspective of the current health care system. Addresses the policy-making process at various levels of government and within institutions, policies affecting current and future nursing care delivery systems and nursing’s role in policy advocacy to improve the quality of health care delivery. Using policy, processes and systems-level strategies, including quality improvement and high reliability organizational theory, students will be able to articulate the methods, performance measures, culture of safety principles and quality standards necessary for effective leadership as a change agent in the current health care system.

NURS   511. Health Assessment for Advanced Nursing Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture and 45 clinical/laboratory hours. 3 credits (2 credits lecture and 1 credit clinical/laboratory). Prerequisite: admission to the nursing program. Provides the framework for holistic, culturally relevant assessment of individuals. Focuses on advancing students' knowledge and assessment in health history, risk appraisal, health promotion, psychosocial, developmental and functional assessment and physical examination techniques. Emphasizes the application of diagnostic reasoning skills in assessing deviations from normal in selected content in specialty areas. Includes supervised experiences with advanced clinical assessment skills.

NURS   512. Evidence-Based Advanced Nursing Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing or Honors College. Grounded in the disciplinary perspective of nursing, focuses on appraisal of research evidence to guide advanced nursing practice. Addresses the use of clinical and epidemiological data to identify clinical problems, health risks and organizational issues that impact health outcomes of individuals, families and communities. Reviews application of criteria for evaluating research studies using foundational knowledge of major research designs and basic statistics. Emphasizes appraisal and synthesis of scientific literature to design evidence-based practice strategies and outcome measures in the context of a selected clinical problem, population health risk or organizational issue. Reviews the process of research translation and ethical conduct of research.

NURS   513. Introduction to Biobehavioral Clinical Research. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: admission to the Graduate School or Honors College; NURS   365 and 371. Focuses on major theoretical frameworks and research design issues in biobehavioral clinical research. Includes common problems of measurement and interpretation, with emphasis on clinical interpretation and applicability.

NURS   514. International Perspectives on Community Health in Developing Countries. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 1 lecture and 2 laboratory hours. 3 credits. This course may be taken for a maximum of 6 credits in two different world areas. Open to undergraduate (junior or senior level) and graduate students. Explores the impact of national and international policy decisions on the health and well-being of individuals and communities (country varies semester to semester). Examines the relationship of cultural beliefs and values on health-seeking behaviors. Allows students to become immersed in a culture different than their own. Evaluates the impact of international conflict and economic development on the health status of the community. See the Schedule of Classes for location. Crosslisted as: INTL   514.

NURS   540. Spirituality in Health Care. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Explores the phenomenon of spirituality in health and illness across cultures and life spans from a framework of humility and respect for multiple world views. Integrates theory and research as well as individual and communal ways of knowing to provide spiritually sensitive care that nurtures wholeness and promotes healing.

NURS   591. Special Topics. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; 1-3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Explores specific topics in nursing theory and practice.

NURS   592. Directed Study in Nursing. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. 1-3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Independent study in a specific area of nursing developed under the supervision of a member of the graduate faculty.

NURS   594. Directed Study: Nursing Clinical Practicum. 1-6 Hours.

Semester course; 45-270 clinical/lab hours. 1-6 credits (1-6 clinical/lab credits). Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Independent study in specific practicum area of nursing developed under the supervision of a faculty member. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   601. Advanced Professionalization II. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 1 lecture hour. 1 credit. Prerequisite: NURS   501. Designed to prepare students to assume an advanced practice nursing role after graduation. Focuses on role development in advanced practice nursing, marketing oneself as an advanced practice nurse, and regulatory and economic policies that affect advanced practice nursing in today’s health care system. Presents strategies to evaluate outcomes attributable to APN practice.

NURS   605. Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisite: admission to the Doctor of Nursing Practice program. Common analytic approaches in practice change projects, including correlation, chi-square analysis, independent and paired t tests, analysis of variance, and logistic and multiple regression will be explored. Selection of the most relevant analytic strategy to determine clinical significance of a quality improvement initiative will be emphasized. The application of statistical process control methods to health care quality improvement projects will be emphasized. The student will apply principles of statistical analysis to a dataset using statistical software to identify characteristics of participants and outcomes.

NURS   606. Evaluating Evidence to Improve Health Outcomes. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisite: NURS   605. Provides essential skills for using research evidence to support and promote practice change. Collaboration between nursing and other disciplines in problem identification will be explored. Ethical dimensions of quality improvement research and research evidence will be reviewed. Students will formulate a clinical question, search for supporting evidence, apply appraisal principles to evaluate the evidence and derive practice-specific recommendations for implementation.

NURS   607. Epidemiology and Population Health. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisite: NURS   605. Integrates principles of epidemiology, evidence-based clinical prevention, health screening, behavioral modification, disease modification and disease management of populations and quality metrics. Students will assess population health models and frameworks to address a multilevel perspective of the health status of vulnerable populations and sources of health inequalities. Cultural perspectives will be emphasized at a regional, national and global level.

NURS   608. Quality Improvement in Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisite: admission to the Doctor of Nursing Practice program. Prepares the student for proficiency in the development of quality improvement initiatives for sustainable practice change. The student will assess evidence as it relates to cost, quality and health outcomes (individual and aggregate) within the context of current regional and national health care trends and emerging issues. Emphasis will be on the methods and tools utilized in performance improvement and patient safety. The student will develop a quality or safety initiative using a systems approach.

NURS   609. Health Care Delivery and Reimbursement Systems for Nurse Leaders. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. This course summarizes contemporary issues in health care delivery, evolving models of health care delivery systems and reimbursement. The focus is on current policies and systemic factors that affect the delivery of health care to the U.S. population and their potential impact on future health care delivery. The course presents factors affecting the evolution of the U.S. health care system and health care provider roles with a focus on the nurse and advanced practice. Issues are presented in context of patient-centered care and population-level aims for quality outcomes.

NURS   610. Health Information and Data Management. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisite: NURS   605. Focuses on acquisition of essential leadership skills needed for the design, selection, utilization and evaluation of health information technologies used to influence health care decisions, patient safety and quality of care. Information systems and implementation will be explored. Emphasizes the use of information technology for assessment of health quality outcomes over time leading to sustainable change.

NURS   611. Primary Care Advanced Practice Clinical Procedures. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 7.5 lecture and 22.5 laboratory (contact) hours. 1 credit. Prerequisites: NURS   504 and 511. Provides the foundation for acquiring a beginning level of competency in a variety of common primary care advanced clinical practice skills and procedures. Emphasizes correct technique and includes supervised experiences.

NURS   612. Acute Care Advanced Practice Clinical Procedures. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 7.5 lectureand 22.5 laboratory (contact) hours. 1 credit. Prerequisites: NURS   504 and 511. Provides the foundation for acquiring a beginning level of competency in a variety of common acute care advanced clinical practice skills and procedures. Emphasizes correct technique and includes supervised experiences.

NURS   613. Organizational Behavior and Leadership for Nurse Leaders. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Corequisite: NURS   668. This course introduces students to organizational behavior as it relates to leadership theory based on classic and contemporary readings in organizational behavior. Students will engage in self-evaluative processes to assess and enhance their leadership capabilities in relation to elements of sound leadership principles. The course will examine topics in organizational behavior that relate to the nurse leader role in health care delivery. Management principles are outlined, discussed and put in context to give a realistic focus to issues in leadership and organizational behavior. The course uses case method, simulation, discussion, self-assessment instruments, written exercises and audiovisual aids to illuminate leadership and managerial practices in relation to organizational behavior.

NURS   614. Organizational Systems and Leadership for Nurse Leaders. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: admission to graduate program in nursing, accounting course. This course introduces a systems approach to health care organizational operations leadership and management. Students will gain an understanding of how nurse leaders working with the health care team organize and use structures and analytical approaches to assess and report on the efficiency and effectiveness of work processes that affect patient care, satisfaction and health outcomes. Students will gain skills in operations management by analyzing work processes, patient flow, project management, and the supply chain and customer service.

NURS   615. Diagnosis and Management in Adult-Gerontology Primary Care I. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Pre- or corequisites: NURS   501, NURS   504, NURS   507, NURS   511. Provides content on the primary care management of health and illness changes throughout the adult lifespan. This course focuses on increasing the nurse practitioner student's knowledge and clinical decision-making skills in order to provide health screening, identify health promotion needs, and accurately diagnose and manage common health conditions across the adult lifespan. Emphasis is placed on developmental, prevention, pathophysiological, pharmacological and critical-thinking skills in the management of common complex and multisystem disorders.

NURS   616. Diagnosis and Management in Adult-Gerontology Primary Care II. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   615. This course is a continuation of NURS   615. The course includes prevention, pathophysiological, pharmacological and critical-thinking skills in maximizing health with common and complex health problems. Emphasis is placed on increasing the nurse practitioner student's knowledge and clinical decision-making skills in order to provide health screening, identify health promotion needs, accurately diagnose and provide women’s-and adult-specific care and psychobehavioral care across the adult lifespan, particularly in the context of common complex and multisystem disorders.

NURS   617. Advanced Gerontology Primary Care Across the Care Continuum. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   616. Students will further examine and integrate physiological, psychological and sociocultural processes associated with normal aging. Relevant theories, concepts and research findings from the behavioral, social and biological sciences are analyzed as a basis for advanced nursing practice with older adults and their families. Emphasis is placed on enhancing the individual’s health within the context of their functional capabilities, social support networks and environment. Important geriatric care models for effective practice with older adults across the care continuum -- coordinated care, transitions of care and complex care management -- are reviewed.

NURS   618. Diagnosis and Management in Adult-Gerontology Acute Care I. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Pre- or corequisites: NURS   501, NURS   504, NURS   507, NURS   511. Provides content on the management of adult and geriatric patients and populations who are physiologically unstable, technologically dependent and/or highly vulnerable to complications. The focus of this course is on increasing students' acute care knowledge and decision-making skills in order to accurately assess, diagnose and manage complex acute, critical, and chronically ill or injured adult and geriatric patients.

NURS   619. Diagnosis and Management in Adult-Gerontology Acute Care II. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   618. This course is a continuation of NURS   618. The course provides content on the management of adult and geriatric patients who are physiologically unstable, technologically dependent and/or highly vulnerable to complications. The focus of this course is on increasing students' acute care management knowledge and decision-making skills in order to stabilize the patient’s condition, prevent complications, restore maximum health and provide palliative care.

NURS   621. Leadership and Organizational Systems. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisite: NURS   608. Examines system leadership and change within the context of organizational culture. Models and strategies related to leadership, effective organizational processes, organizational change, strategic planning and intraprofessional teamwork will be evaluated. Emphasizes development of skills in system assessment and system intervention design.

NURS   627. Foundational Perspectives of Family-centered Care. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. This course is foundational to the family nurse practitioner curriculum and provides the theoretical foundation and context for the FNP's role in the care of families. The course will emphasize analysis of theories and research concerning families. The effects of psychosocial, cultural, socioeconomic and spiritual variables on families at risk will be discussed. The effects of transitions and crises on the health/illness status of patients in the context of family will be explored. Culturally appropriate communication skills to facilitate family decision-making and foster positive behavioral change in the patient and caregiver will be analyzed. Students will examine their personal beliefs and family life experiences to inform their developing advanced practice role.

NURS   629. Diagnosis and Management in Family Primary Care I. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Enrollment restricted to students admitted to a graduate program in nursing. This course is designed to introduce the student to the role of the nurse practitioner as a provider of primary care across the lifespan. Concepts of advanced health assessment, pharmacology and pathophysiology are synthesized with a focus on diagnostic decision-making and interdisciplinary management of common acute and chronic health problems. Emphasis is placed on facilitating optimal health and function of patients from newborn through senescence. Strategies to enhance, maintain and restore health are emphasized, while promoting health-seeking behaviors and the impact on family-centered care.

NURS   630. Diagnosis And Management In Family Primary Care II. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   629. This course is a continuation of NURS   629. Concepts of health promotion and disease prevention, advanced health assessment, pharmacology, and pathophysiology are incorporated into the diagnosis and interdisciplinary management of common acute and chronic health problems. Emphasis is placed on the formation and evaluation of comprehensive evidence-based care with regard to the care of common complex and multisystem disorders. Strategies to enhance, maintain and restore health are emphasized. Health-seeking behaviors and the impact on family are stressed.

NURS   631. Primary Care of Select Populations. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 1 lecture and 45 clinical/lab hours. 2 credits (1 credit lecture and 1 credit clinical/lab). Prerequisites: NURS   629 and NURS   630. This course addresses the diagnosis and management of select primary care topics in women’s health, pediatrics, gerontology and psychiatric-mental health. Laboratory experiences including simulation, standardized patients and objective structured clinical examinations will accompany didactic content delivery. Graded P/F.

NURS   635. Advanced Practice Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Practicum I. 6 Hours.

Semester course; 270 clinical/lab hours. 6 credits (6 credits clinical/lab). Prerequisites: NURS   502, NURS   503, NURS   511 and NURS   657; corequisite: NURS   636. Focuses on the diagnosis and management of mental health problems and psychiatric disorders for individuals, families and groups across the lifespan through faculty supervised clinical experiences with a preceptor. Demonstrates ability to perform a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation while incorporating therapeutic communication skills. Provides opportunities to apply knowledge of standardized taxonomy systems and evidence-based screening guidelines to formulate a differential diagnosis. Requires students to develop plans of care incorporating evidence-based practice guidelines. Performance of clinical skills at a basic level is expected. Graded Pass/Fail.

NURS   636. Advanced Practice Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Seminar. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 lecture credits). Corequisite: NURS   635. Prepares for and builds on practicum experience. Focuses on the management of both acute and chronic psychiatric disorders for individuals, families and groups across the lifespan. Examines the unique characteristics of selected populations diagnosed with mental health problems or psychiatric disorders and ways to address complex management needs through a case study approach. Provides opportunities for students to plan and discuss treatment plans while integrating health promotion and education strategies. Students are expected to apply knowledge of both psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacologic interventions. Focuses on synthesis of evidence to analyze clinical decision-making and formulate a patient-centered plan of care across the treatment trajectory.

NURS   637. Advanced Practice Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Practicum II. 6 Hours.

Semester course; 270 clinical/lab hours. 6 credits (6 credits clinical/lab). Prerequisite: NURS   635. Builds on previous practicum experience. Focuses on the advanced management of mental health problems and psychiatric disorders for individuals, families and groups across the lifespan through faculty-supervised clinical experiences with a preceptor. Students will implement and evaluate the management of both common and complex mental health problems and psychiatric disorders. Provides opportunities for the synthesis, application and evaluation of knowledge needed to provide evidence-based psychiatric care. Focuses on strategies to lead the interprofessional health care team in quality improvement methods. Promotes the provision of high-quality, collaborative and ethical care. Performance of clinical skills at the advanced level is required. Graded as Pass/Fail.

NURS   638. Health Policy Leadership and Advocacy. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits (3 credits lecture). Prerequisite: NURS   606. Emphasizes critical analysis of the political, organizational, economic, ethical, and quality and safety dimensions of health policy issues. Contextual factors such as social justice, health disparities, vulnerable populations, access to care, health care financing and the globalization of health care will be explored. Leadership skills in health policy advocacy will be refined throughout the course.

NURS   639. Health Informatics for Nurse Leaders. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. The course gives students a broad overview of health informatics in the context of the health care organization; discusses principles of informatics and information flows in nursing and health care using systems analysis techniques; and emphasizes understanding of how nurse leaders implement, manage and evaluate health care information and informatics projects. Information and communication technology system integration, data security, as well as ethical and regulatory issues, will be reviewed. Current topics and issues related to the use, retrieval, evaluation and dissemination of health care information will be discussed, as well as the role of informatics in decision-making.

NURS   643. Family Primary Care Practicum I. 6 Hours.

Semester course; 270 clinical/lab hours. 6 credits (6 credits clinical/lab). Prerequisites: NURS   629 and NURS   630; corequisite: NURS   644. This precepted practicum course is designed to provide opportunities for students to develop beginning competencies as a family nurse practitioner. Critical-thinking and diagnostic-reasoning skills will be developed. Skills of advanced health assessment and knowledge of the management of common health problems will be applied in the clinical setting. Students will order, conduct and interpret appropriate screening and diagnostic tests, generate differential diagnoses and, in conjunction with the preceptor, determine diagnosis and management plan. Students will demonstrate effective case presentations to preceptor and document appropriately. A minimum of 45 practicum hours (135 hours total) in women’s health, geriatrics and pediatrics will be completed between the two practicum courses. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   644. Family Primary Care Seminar. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 1 seminar hour (15 lecture hours). 1 credit. Corequisite: NURS   643. Seminars will emphasize skill development in the teaching-coaching function. A case-study approach will provide the basis for in-depth assessment and discussion of health and illness problems. Case analysis and discussion will enhance the student’s ability to manage the health and illness status of patients and families over time. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   645. Family Primary Care Practicum II. 6 Hours.

Semester course; 270 clinical/lab hours. 6 credits (6 credits clinical/lab). Prerequisites: NURS   643, NURS   644; corequisite: NURS   646. This practicum course serves as the culminating experience in the family nurse practitioner concentration focused on skill refinement with increasing responsibility in the delivery of primary care to families. Students will work with clinical preceptors to assimilate practice management skills pertaining to economics, reimbursement for services and time management. Primary care skills including prioritization, management and coordination of both routine and complex episodic and chronic illness problems and technology utilization are refined. Interdisciplinary collaborative practice skills are emphasized. Configuration of practicum hours will be based on results of individualized assessment and evaluation performed in NURS   644. A minimum of 45 practicum hours (135 hours total) in women’s health, geriatrics and pediatrics will be completed between the two practicum courses. Graded P/F.

NURS   646. Family Primary Care Final Synthesis Seminar. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 1 seminar hour (15 lecture hours). 1 credit. Prerequisites: NURS   643, NURS   644; corequisite: NURS   645. This seminar is designed to facilitate the student’s ability to integrate theory, research and clinical practice. An in-depth analysis of the evaluative, consultative, systems leadership and advocacy functions of the nurse practitioner role within a professional, ethical and legal framework will be performed. Students will complete an evidence-based clinical project that demonstrates synthesis of knowledge, as well as written, oral and critical-thinking skills. Graded P/F.

NURS   651. Decision Analysis for Quality Outcomes Across Populations. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: accounting course. This course focuses on managerial decision-making and planning. The main focus is to introduce widely used methods that aid in decision-making and planning, including intuitive approaches, quantitative methods (samples and probabilities, decision trees, tradeoff analysis) and applied approaches to evaluate problems as well as progress toward solutions (assessing risk, root cause analysis, gap analysis and benchmarking). Each method uses real-world illustrations. Students will have the opportunity to use applied approaches to pose solutions to problems faced by nurse managers and leaders.

NURS   652. Health Care Managerial Finance I: For Nurse Leaders. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: accounting course. This course provides introductory business financial management training. The course describes opportunities for improving a health system’s fiscal efficiencies and delivery by providing practical approaches to budgeting, financial analysis and the management of financial resources. The course provides instruction on the development and analysis of financial spreadsheets. Financial accounting principles are reviewed. Conceptual and real-world issues will be addressed using tools to analyze nursing and health care organizational performance, costs, budgets and variance.

NURS   653. Health Care Managerial Finance II: Economic Evaluation and Analysis. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   651 and NURS   652. This course presents an overview of the macro and micro economy as an influencing factor on health care delivery presented in the context of ethical considerations and techniques that enhance efficiency. The course covers various cost-effectiveness analysis tools that enhance the ability of decision-makers to assess efficiencies and effectiveness. The main goal for students is to understand the parameters for using these techniques and how they are applied in nursing as well as in interdisciplinary approaches in health care settings.

NURS   655. Nurse as Leader. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 4 seminar hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Explores central theories and practice of leadership with emphasis on implications for the advanced practice nurse. Explores student's capacity for leadership, including contemporary contexts and personal propensities, strengths and deterrents to effective leadership practice. Includes learning experiences designed to enhance student's self-understanding as leader and provide culturally diverse urban arena for practicing emerging competencies. Requires an action plan designed, in consultation with faculty mentor, to systematically improve leadership skills.

NURS   656. Diagnosis and Management of Psychiatric Disorders Across the Lifespan. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   657. Students will develop advanced practice psychiatric-mental health nursing knowledge related to the psychodiagnostic, psychopharmacologic and psychotherapeutic evaluation/treatment of psychiatric disorders across the lifespan. This course focuses on the neurobiological basis of psychiatric disorders and associated evidence-based treatments. Addresses knowledge needed for comprehensive and collaborative management of culturally diverse clients with psychiatric disorders in both acute and primary health care settings.

NURS   657. Advanced Practice Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing: Theory and Practice Across the Lifespan. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   504. Focuses on advanced psychiatric mental health nursing practice by integrating theoretical, clinical and research knowledge related to psychotherapeutic management of acute and chronic mental health problems and psychiatric disorders. Examines knowledge of theories and psychotherapeutic techniques for individuals, families and groups across the lifespan. Analyzes interprofessional practice as applicable to the psychiatric mental health setting.

NURS   662. Diagnosis and Management in Adult-Gerontology Critical Care. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   618 and 619. Provides content on selected common health and illness changes encountered in adult-geriatric critical care settings. The focus of this course is on increasing students' knowledge about common problems seen in the adult critical care environment.

NURS   664. DNP Residency: Mentored Practicum. 1-6 Hours.

Semester course; variable clinical/lab hours (45 hours per credit). 1-6 credits. May be repeated for a maximum total of 18 credits. Prerequisites: NURS 605 and NURS 608; 500 clinical practice hours. Mentored study that facilitates student demonstration of DNP competencies through documented learning experiences and implementation of the DNP project. Practice setting and focus of residency hours are individualized to student’s specific area of interest. Residency activities will be mutually developed by the student and faculty adviser, culminating in a professional portfolio that demonstrates achievement of all course objectives by the completion of the 12 required residency credits. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   665. DNP Project I: Proposal Development. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture/seminar hours. 3 credits (3 lecture/seminar credits). Provides the student with the support and direction needed to develop a comprehensive DNP project proposal. The DNP project is designed to improve quality and/or safety patient outcomes. Students use evidence-based practice to design the DNP project that is focused in a specialized clinical area. Students work in collaboration with their faculty adviser and DNP project team. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   666. Strategic and Change Management for Quality Outcomes for Nurse Leaders. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   613; accounting course. This course introduces strategic management principles, models and tools useful for implementing sustainable organizational change. Students will be able to align organizational and nursing-specific mission, vision and goals setting a strategic direction. Students gain applied practice in select strategic and change-management processes in real-world nursing contexts and discuss how these processes optimize or hinder quality patient care outcomes. Finally the course explores factors that facilitate sustaining a strategic direction and how sustainability builds markers of superior performance and quality.

NURS   667. DNP Project II: Project Implementation and Evaluation. 3 Hours.

Semester course: 3 lecture/seminar hours. 3 credits (3 lecture/seminar credits). May be repeated. Program culminates in the successful completion of a scholarly project designed by the student in collaboration with the faculty adviser and DNP project team. The DNP student will analyze and summarize findings and defend the DNP project. The final DNP product (criteria outlined in the DNP handbook) is a scholarly manuscript that provides evidence of the student’s critical thinking and ability to translate research through problem identification, proposal development, implementation, and evaluation. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   668. Human Resource and Customer Relationship Management for Nurse Leaders. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   508, NURS   609 and accounting course; corequisite: NURS   613. This course examines the role of human resource management in health care and nursing organizations in meeting the challenge of continually improving patient care services. Students will gain an understanding about strategies useful to empower, motivate, hire and retain nursing talent. The course discusses topics in HR management appropriate for nurse leaders and frontline managers such as nursing workforce training, competencies, performance appraisals, recruitment and retention, and progressive disciplinary approaches. HR concepts about workforce capabilities and employee satisfaction will be discussed in relation to their association with patient satisfaction and health care delivery outcomes.

NURS   669. Adult-Gerontology Acute Care Practicum II. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 180 clinical hours. 4 credits (4 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: NURS   678. Focuses on providing acute care management of adults-older adults with complex acute, critical and chronic health conditions. Particular emphasis will be placed on integrating health promotion, protection and disease-prevention interventions; safety principles; and risk-reduction strategies through faculty-supervised clinical experiences with a preceptor. Building on previous practicum experience, students guide and evaluate resuscitation, stabilization and rehabilitation interventions while integrating preventive strategies to reduce complications. Provides opportunities to develop and carry out the plan of care and incorporate evidence-based practice guidelines to improve patient outcomes. Performance at the intermediate level is expected. Graded pass/fail.

NURS   675. Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Practicum II. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 180 clinical hours. 4 credits (4 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: NURS   676. Focuses on primary care management of adults-older adults throughout the wellness-illness spectrum with particular attention on integrating health maintenance and risk-reduction interventions for patients with comorbidities through faculty-supervised clinical experiences with a preceptor. Building on previous practicum experience, students implement health screening, health promotion, health protection and risk-reduction strategies for adolescent-older adults within the context of their current health issues and comorbidities. Provides opportunities to develop and carry out the plan of care incorporating evidence-based practice guidelines to improve patient outcomes. Performance at an intermediate level is expected. Graded pass/fail.

NURS   676. Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Practicum I. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; 45-135 clinical hours. 1-3 credits (1-3 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: NURS   511. Focuses on providing primary care management of adolescent-older adults across the wellness-illness continuum through faculty-supervised clinical experiences with a preceptor. Provides opportunities to focus on the differing and unique developmental, life stage needs that impact a patient’s care across the adult age spectrum and application of evidence-based strategies in directing health promotion, health protection, disease prevention and primary care management of injuries and disease. Students must demonstrate ability to synthesize theoretical, scientific and contemporary clinical knowledge for the assessment and management of both health and illness states and apply knowledge within the framework of different practice models and populations. Performance at a basic level is expected. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   677. Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Practicum III. 5 Hours.

Semester course; 255 clinical hours. 5 credits (5 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: NURS   675. Focuses on advanced primary care management of adolescent-older adults with complex health issues and comorbidities through faculty-supervised clinical experiences with a preceptor. Building on previous practicum experience, students implement and evaluate health screening, health promotion, health protection, disease prevention, risk-reduction strategies and systems-based coordination in the management of adults-older adults with complex health conditions. Provides opportunities for leadership within the interprofessional health care team to direct quality improvement methods, implementation of evidence-based practice guidelines to address a clinical problem and evaluation of patient and systems-based outcomes. As the final practica course, performance at the advanced level is expected. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   678. Adult-Gerontology Acute Care Practicum I. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; 45-135 clinical hours. 1-3 credits (1-3 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: NURS   511. Focuses on providing acute care management of adolescent-older adults who are physiologically unstable, technologically dependent and highly vulnerable to complications through faculty-supervised clinical experiences with a preceptor. Provides opportunities to focus on the provision of a spectrum of care ranging from disease prevention to acute and critical care management. Students must synthesize theoretical, scientific and contemporary clinical knowledge for the assessment and management of both health and illness states and apply knowledge within the framework of different practice models and differing populations. Performance at a basic level is expected. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   679. Adult-Gerontology Acute Care Practicum III. 5 Hours.

Semester course; 225 clinical hours. 5 credits (5 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: NURS   669. Focuses on advanced acute, critical and chronic management of adolescent-older adults who are physiologically unstable, technologically dependent and highly vulnerable to complications through faculty-supervised clinical experiences with a preceptor. Building on previous practicum experience, students integrate health screening, promotion, protection and disease-prevention interventions; safety principles; risk-reduction strategies; and systems-based coordination in the management of adults-older adults with complex acute, critical and chronic injuries and illnesses throughout the trajectory of resuscitation, stabilization and rehabilitation. Provides opportunities for leadership within the interprofessional health care team to direct quality improvement methods, implementation of evidence-based practice guidelines to address a clinical problem and evaluation of patient and systems-based outcomes. As the final practica course, performance at the advanced level is expected. Graded as pass/fail.

NURS   680. Leading People. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Examines the effective leadership and application of management theory and skills in the development of a high performing group of both professional and support staff within health care. Examines issues related to cultural diversity and empowerment for optimal performance within the complex urban health care setting.

NURS   681. Nurses as Organizational Leaders. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Explores organizational and individual factors that influence nursing leadership and administrative roles. Analyzes the relationships among major organizational variables and stakeholders and their impact on the design and management of a nursing department.

NURS   687. Management Systems and Health Care Outcomes. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Focuses on the effective management of human, material and fiscal resources in a competitive institutional environment. Evaluates selected approaches to assessing the quality of patient outcomes using information technology. Examines issues related to obtaining and organizing clinical and administrative data to support decision making. Takes a comprehensive approach to program and business planning.

NURS   690. Application of Financial Concepts. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   505. Provides an understanding of financial concepts for nurse leaders and includes the application of financial principles to health care organizations and the impact of these applications on patient outcomes.

NURS   691. Nursing Research Practicum. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 laboratory hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   512. Participates in ongoing research. Implements research with faculty direction and supervision.

NURS   692. Integrative Administrative Systems Practicum I. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 90 clinical hours. 2 credits (2 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: admission to the graduate program in nursing. Focuses on the application of nursing knowledge in a variety of settings within the integrative systems specialty of nursing administration and leadership. Practicum experiences focus on the negotiation of learning objectives and the definition of a project for an organizational change to be implemented in subsequent practica courses under the supervision of faculty and the preceptor. The student is required to complete an organizational assessment including plans for further data collection and analysis and delineation of personal leadership roles that the student assumes in implementing the change. Provides opportunities for achievement of competencies in advanced nursing practice through faculty-supervised administration and leadership experiences with a preceptor. Allows for the practicum to be planned in relation to the student's area of interest and role preparation. Focuses on the evaluation of specific outcomes determined by the faculty and student. Graded as P/F.

NURS   693. Integrative Administrative Systems Practicum II. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 90 clinical hours. 2 credits (2 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: NURS   692. Focuses on the application of nursing knowledge in a variety of settings within the integrative systems specialty of nursing administration and leadership. Practicum experiences focus on the analysis of primary and secondary data related to the project negotiated in Practicum I and development of a plan to implement the selected organizational project. The student will identify the necessary skills and competencies appropriate to implementing the plan. Provides opportunities for achievement of competencies in advanced nursing practice through faculty-supervised administration and leadership experiences with a preceptor. Allows for the practicum to be planned in relation to the student's area of interest and role preparation. Focuses on the evaluation of specific outcomes determined by the faculty and student. Graded as P/F.

NURS   694. Integrative Administrative Systems Practicum III. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 90 clinical hours. 2 credits (2 credits clinical practicum). Prerequisite: NURS   693. Focuses on the application of nursing knowledge in a variety of settings within the integrative systems specialty of nursing administration and leadership. Practicum experiences focus on the execution of the plan for the organizational project using established evaluation measures. Provides opportunities for achievement of competencies in advanced nursing practice through faculty-supervised administration and leadership experiences with a preceptor. Student will demonstrate the synthesis of knowledge gained from previous courses and practica experiences. Graded as P/F.

NURS   695. Managing for Performance and Health Care Outcomes. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   508 and NURS   512. This course synthesizes organizational systems approaches to design, identify, analyze and benchmark quality and safety initiatives in health care settings across the continuum. Students will gain an overview of how evidence drives decisions about and implementation of processes in organization performance improvement. Students will also apply principles in quality and safety project design to address a specific issue affecting patient care outcomes.

NURS   696. Practicum I: Comparative Health Care Delivery Systems for Nurse Leaders. 2 Hours.

Semester course; 90 clinical/lab hours. 2 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   609, NURS   613 and NURS   614. This practicum experience is designed to integrate theory with the reality of various organizational contexts impacting health care delivery systems, nursing systems and leadership. The overall purpose is to provide students with opportunities to compare how different systems influence nursing practice and nursing leadership. The practicum is designed with three separate units to give students opportunities to compare different health care settings, which may include local, regional, national and international contexts. Graded Pass/Fail.

NURS   697. Practicum II: Comparative Interdisciplinary Health Care Leadership Roles. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 45 clinical/lab hours. 1 credit. Prerequisite: NURS   696. In this course the student applies principles of professional inquiry and discovery to engage in dialogue with nurse leaders as well as interdisciplinary professional managers and leaders in ambulatory care settings. Students will also gain applied experience in ancillary department settings central to health care delivery that are important in maintaining organizational system efficiency and effectiveness but generally are outside the domain of nursing-directed patient care. Ancillary department experiences may take place in ambulatory or inpatient settings. Graded Pass/Fail.

NURS   698. Practicum III: Applied Integrative Health Care Delivery Leadership. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 135 clinical/lab hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   697. In this course the student applies a broad range of managerial knowledge, skills and multidisciplinary theoretical constructs, e.g., nursing, business, organizational systems, organizational behavior, strategy and change management. Students will complete a formal organizational-level gap analysis and communicate formally and informally to others in the organization about a strategic and change-management plan to address the nursing issue(s) examined in the gap analysis. Students will gain guided experience from a nurse leader about management roles, the organizational perspective on strategic and change initiatives and implementation techniques. Graded Pass/Fail.

NURS   700. Scientific Integrity: Responsible Conduct of Research. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 1 lecture hour. 1 credit. Enrollment restricted to students admitted to a doctoral program. This course will enable students to develop and refine their understanding of and skills in applying ethics and law of research, with a focus on the NIH's Office for Human Research Protections' responsible conduct of research topics.

NURS   701. Statistical Methods for Nursing Research. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Provides knowledge about data management, basic statistical tests, graphics and tables, and necessary software. Presents statistical tests: contingency table analysis, one- and two-sample t-tests, one- and two-factor analysis of variance, simple linear regression, multiple linear regression, and analysis of covariance. Defines selected statistical terminology and concepts. Uses data from relevant studies to illustrate various statistical tests and corresponding assumptions.

NURS   702. Advanced Statistical Concepts for Nursing Research. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   701. Presents advanced statistical methods and necessary statistical assumptions. Explains optimal modeling approaches for different data types and study designs. Data types: binary data, ordinal data, multinomial data, time-to-event data, longitudinal data, hierarchical data and multivariate data. Analytic methods discussed will include nominal, ordinal and multinomial logistic regression, Kaplin-Meier estimation, Cox proportional hazards model, mixed effects models, factor analysis, principal components, canonical correlation, classification and clustering.

NURS   703. Philosophy of Human Sciences. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Critically analyzes philosophic perspectives and their relationship to human sciences; emphasizes analysis of the underlying epistemology and ontological assumptions of various philosophies. Explores philosophies of science and their influence on the emergence of knowledge in the human sciences, using nursing science as an example.

NURS   704. Analysis and Construction of Nursing Models and Theories. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   703. Analyzes the structure of nursing knowledge through the study and critique of concepts, theories and conceptual models as derived from a variety of philosophical perspectives. Explores the function of theory and theory development in development of nursing knowledge. Examines assumptions and approaches commonly used to develop nursing-related theory. Throughout the course, concepts and understandings from philosophy of science are applied.

NURS   710. Contemporary Influences in Nursing Education: "The Future of Nursing Report. 1 Hour.

Semester course; 1 lecture hour. 1 credit. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Provides an opportunity to discuss "The Future of Nursing Report" and its influence on nursing education. Students will analyze one of the recommendations from the report, including exemplary projects and implications for nursing education, and propose possible applications and collaborations through state regional action coalitions.

NURS   720. Foundations of Biobehavioral Clinical Research. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   704. Focuses on the interaction of biology and behavior. Examines conceptual models and assumptions guiding biobehavioral clinical research from basic science through interventional approaches. Explores biobehavioral clinical research as translational nursing research to improve nursing practice and clinical outcomes. Introduces considerations related to methodology and measurement in biobehavioral clinical research.

NURS   721. Biobehavioral Measures in Clinical Research. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   704 or permission of instructor. Focuses on the application of biobehavioral measures in clinical research. Includes understanding theoretical foundations of measures as well as assessment of accuracy and precision of measures. Particular emphasis placed on measures of function, development and outcomes. Examples include clinical, observational and biological measures.

NURS   722. Emerging Frameworks for Biobehavioral Clinical Research. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   720 and 721. Designed to explore selected emerging frameworks/paradigms as potential models for health-related research extending from basic science through translational research and clinical practice. Emphases will include achieving synergistic understanding of underlying biobehavioral processes, methodological issues and approaches for theory-driven research. Application of the emerging frameworks within the health-related disciplines will include development of the student's individualized research framework.

NURS   725. Emerging Trends and Areas of Scientific Inquiry. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   704 or permission of instructor. This course explores emerging trends in different areas of scientific inquiry to help students develop their understanding of the current and evolving research environment. Emphases will include an overview of the current research environment and how common issues and trends influence an overarching individualized research framework. Students will apply approaches to incorporating emerging trends in a vision for an individualized research program and strategic career development.

NURS   730. Systems Science in Health Care. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Focuses on the interrelationships among groups, organizations and communities within the larger societal context. Examines philosophies, theories, methodologies and applications as they apply to understanding systems. Provides the foundation for conceptual model building and application of systems principles to specific health care problems, situations and organizations.

NURS   731. Quality and Safety Foundations. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   704 or permission of instructor. This course presents the basis for a quality and patient safety program of research. Students are provided with a foundation for conceptual model-building and how these models link to select approaches to conducting quality and patient safety research. Students also will learn how researchers add to relevant evidence in quality and patient safety science. The course defines quality and patient safety, its dimensions and outcomes at the individual, organizational, systems and population levels. Students will also examine recent applications of quality and patient safety research to policy, health system accountability and various levels of the provision of health care (patient, organizational, system and population levels).

NURS   732. Quality and Safety Measures. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   731. This course focuses on applying concepts and measures used in quality and safety health services research. It also covers quality and safety research priority areas and how these relate to select quality and safety measures and data sources. Students will evaluate the types of quality and safety measures used in health services research and relate these to focus areas and quality of care and patient safety concerns. Students will also apply their knowledge from the prerequisite class to further develop a research proposal incorporating quality and safety measures.

NURS   740. Theoretical Perspectives in Healing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Critically analyzes paradigmatic and theoretical perspectives related to healing processes. Using collaborative inquiry, explores models of healing. Describes the centrality of healing in relation to individuals, communities, cultures and organizations. Offers frame of reference for students to pursue a program of inquiry within the domain of healing.

NURS   742. Unitary-transformative Dimensions of Healing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Presents an overview of the critical elements and assumptions of a unitary-transformative perspective and its relevance for a science and art of healing. Describes the development and evolution of the unitary-transformative paradigm through nursing theories as examples. Employs unitary science to contextualize evolving healing theory and practice. Engages students in developing conceptual and theoretical thinking to inform programs of healing inquiry.

NURS   750. Risk and Resilience Across the Life Span. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. This course explores risk and resilience from a theoretical perspective across the life span drawing on nursing and related disciplines. The emphasis is on theoretical perspectives, critical analyses of measurement strategies, and applications to research and practice.

NURS   760. Foundations of Immunocompetence. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Provides in-depth study of immunocompetence as a phenomenon critical to the development of nursing science. Focuses on the biological and developmental basis for immunocompetence, multidimensional relationships among the immune and other physiological and psychosocial systems, and consequences of alterations in immunocompetence. Examines the theoretical basis for interventions designed to influence alterations in immunocompetence. Analyzes methodology and research design issues related to the study of immunocompetence.

NURS   761. Research and Practice in Psychoneuroimmunology. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: graduate standing. This course is designed to explore psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) as a field of study and as a potential paradigm for both basic research and health-related research and practice. Emphases will include the psychophysiological processes underlying PNI, methodological issues and approaches for PNI-based research, and applications of the PNI framework within the health-related disciplines.

NURS   770. Quantitative Research Design. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   773, BIOS   543 and BIOS   544. Provides advanced knowledge and skills for critical decision making in the design and implementation of quantitative health care research. Analyzes various quantitative research designs regarding ability to address phenomena of concern to nursing or health care. Presents a range of strategies and substantive knowledge for scientists to launch programs of quantitative inquiry.

NURS   771. Instrument Development. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 2 lecture and 1 laboratory hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: BIOS   543 and BIOS   544. Focuses on theoretical foundations underlying development and psychometric evaluation of instruments measuring psychosocial phenomena. Provides simulated experiences scale construction as well as hands-on statistical evaluation of relevant measurement properties.

NURS   772. Qualitative Research Design and Analysis. 4 Hours.

Semester course; 4 lecture hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   773. Provides advanced knowledge and skills for critical decision-making in the design and implementation of qualitative health care research, the analysis of qualitative data and the application of study outcomes to advance nursing or health-related science. Analyzes various qualitative research designs for ability to generate scientifically rigorous and relevant findings related to phenomena of concern to nursing or health care. Provides opportunities for skill development in qualitative research design and data analysis techniques. Explores dimensions of current challenges, debates and controversies within communities of qualitative researchers.

NURS   773. Perspectives on Research Design. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   703 and NURS   704. Analyzes philosophical foundations of a variety of research designs. Explores assumptions underlying the selection and evaluation of quantitative, qualitative and mixed-methods designs. Focuses on the epistemological, ontological and methodological foundations of research design and implications for knowledge development.

NURS   775. The Ethnographic Approach to Knowledge Generation in Nursing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. A critical exploration of ethnography as a qualitative approach for studying nursing phenomena and generating nursing knowledge from a cultural perspective. Includes the critique of the epistemological, philosophical and ontological understandings of ethnography and an in-depth description of the traditional method. Evolving approaches for conducting ethnographic research will be discussed.

NURS   776. Research Program Development Seminar I. 2 Hours.

Seminar course; 1 lecture and 2 seminar hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Explores the multiple roles in establishing a program of research and the various career-development stages of a scholar. Defines an area of inquiry for knowledge development within a focus area.

NURS   777. Research Program Development Seminar II. 2 Hours.

Seminar course; 1 lecture and 2 seminar hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Analyzes and integrates the state of knowledge development in a selected area of inquiry. Develops an individualized trajectory of scholarly career development.

NURS   778. Research Program Development Seminar III. 2 Hours.

Seminar course; 1 lecture and 2 seminar hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Focuses on collaboration within the research team and in the larger research community, leadership in the research team, the peer-review process and knowledge dissemination for the advancement of a program of research.

NURS   780. Patient Care Systems and Patient Outcomes. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: NURS   508. Examines administration concepts relevant to systems of patient care. Focuses on the approaches, including program evaluation, for measuring patients outcomes affected by nursing and multidisciplinary collaboration.

NURS   781. Organizational Analysis in Nursing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: NURS   508 and NURS   681. Analyzes current paradigms guiding nursing systems research. Evaluates concepts and theoretical models that attempt to explain organizational functioning and that are of particular usefulness in developing a substantive body of knowledge.

NURS   782. Analysis of Health Care Policy as a Factor in Nursing Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Analyzes global and national issues in health care policy. Applies traditional and emerging models to policy issues. Examines policies having implications for nursing practice research and administration. Focuses on the environment of health care policy development, the agencies and leadership of policy development and implementation, and nursing's role in policy development, implementation, and evaluation.

NURS   791. Special Topics. 3-6 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. 3-6 credits. May be repeated. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing. Explores specific topics in nursing.

NURS   792. Directed Research Inquiry. 1-6 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. 1-6 credits. Course may be repeated. A minimum of 3 credits is required as a substitute for a required focus of inquiry course. A maximum of 6 credits is allowed per semester. Prerequisite: admission to doctoral program in nursing and permission of the instructor. Provides a mentored independent study in a selected theoretical or conceptual area of inquiry within the context of a student’s research focus. The purpose of this course is to increase the student’s knowledge in a selected theoretical or conceptual area. This directed study will be developed under the supervision of a member of the graduate faculty. Graded as P/F.

NURS   796. Directed Research Experience. 1-9 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. 1-9 credits. A minimum of 2 credits is required by the completion of course work. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing and permission of the instructor. Provides a mentored research experience in areas of faculty research expertise. The purpose of this course is to increase the student’s exposure to and involvement in research under the direction of a graduate faculty member who is actively engaged in a research project. This mentored research experience will be developed under the supervision of a member of the graduate faculty. May be taken in the semester(s) the student is preparing for the comprehensive exam and for dissertation preparation prior to admission to candidacy. Graded as P/F.

NURS   797. Directed Research Practicum. 1-9 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. 1-9 credits. May be repeated. A minimum of 3 credits is required. Prerequisite: admission to the doctoral program in nursing and permission of the instructor. Provides a mentored research practical experience in a selected area of inquiry, research development or methodology within the context of the student's selected focus area. The purpose of this course is to increase the student’s practical skills in planning and implementing research in the student’s research focus area. This mentored research practical experience will be developed under the supervision of a member of the graduate faculty. Graded as P/F.

NURS   898. Dissertation. 1-12 Hours.

Variable hours. 1-12 credits. A minimum of 12 credits is required. Prerequisite: admission to candidacy. Original research conducted under the supervision of an adviser and in conjunction with a dissertation committee.