The minor in biology requires a minimum of 20 credits in biology, including the following: 

Biology core courses
BIOL   151
BIOZ   151
Introduction to Biological Sciences I
and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory I
BIOL   152
BIOZ   152
Introduction to Biological Sciences II
and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory II
Select three courses from the following options:9
Quantitative Biology
Cellular and Molecular Biology
Select an additional three credits in biology at the upper level (at least one of these credits must be a biology laboratory experience).3
Total Hours20

Only courses applicable toward the B.S. in Biology can be applied toward the minor in biology. For a list of approved biology electives, see “Biology, Bachelor of Science (B.S.)in the Undergraduate Bulletin.

Students are required to complete each of the biology core courses (listed above) with a minimum grade of C. A minimum GPA of 2.0 is required for all courses applicable to the minor. A minimum of nine upper-level biology credits must be taken at VCU.

BNFO   251/LFSC   251 and BNFO   252/LFSC   252 are approved course substitutes for BIOZ   151 and BIOZ   152, respectively.