The minor in biology requires a minimum of 20 credits in biology, including the following: 

Course Title Hours
Biology core courses
BIOL 151
BIOZ 151
Introduction to Biological Sciences I
and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory I
BIOL 152
BIOZ 152
Introduction to Biological Sciences II
and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory II
Select three courses from the following options:9
Quantitative Biology
Cellular and Molecular Biology
Select an additional three credits in biology at the upper level, at least one of which must be a biology laboratory experience.3
Total Hours20

Only courses applicable toward the B.S. in Biology can be applied toward the minor in biology. For a list of approved biology electives, see “Biology, Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in the Undergraduate Bulletin.

A minimum GPA of 2.0 is required for all courses applicable to the minor. A minimum of nine upper-level biology credits must be taken at VCU.

BNFO 251/LFSC 251 and BNFO 252/LFSC 252 are approved course substitutes for BIOZ 151 and BIOZ 152,  respectively.