The curriculum in mathematical sciences promotes understanding of the mathematical sciences and their structures, uses and relationships to other disciplines. To this end, the scholarly growth of the faculty and students in the mathematical sciences is nurtured through study, research and a high standard of teaching. The curriculum provides a sound foundation for the student seeking to enter a career with a technological orientation or for the student who wishes to pursue graduate study in applied mathematics, biomathematics, mathematics, operations research, statistics, teaching mathematics in secondary schools or related fields.

A Bachelor of Science is offered jointly by the Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics and the Department of Statistical Sciences and Operations Research. In the Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, students pursuing the Bachelor of Science in Mathematical Sciences can choose a concentration of secondary teacher preparation, which prepares students for teaching mathematics in secondary schools when completed in conjunction with the Master of Teaching degree offered through the School of Education as part of the Extended Teacher Preparation Program.

## Student learning outcomes

Upon completing this program, students will know how to do the following:

### Bachelor of Science in Mathematical Sciences core outcomes

- Solve mathematical problems
- Solve and interpret mathematical problems which originate from applications outside of mathematics
- Use technology to solve and/or explore mathematics problems

### Secondary teacher preparation concentration-specific outcomes

- Write mathematics (not including mathematical proofs) clearly, concisely and correctly
- Write mathematical proofs clearly, concisely and correctly
- Read and comprehend mathematical works
- Collaborate in projects
- Make effective presentations to demonstrate their understanding of mathematical ideas
- Write prose about mathematics
- Use appropriate practices to teach secondary school level mathematical ideas

## Special requirements

The B.S. in Mathematical Sciences requires a minimum of 120 credits. Along with the general education requirements of the College of Humanities and Sciences and the undergraduate degree requirements, students are required to take core courses and fulfill specific requirements for the degree.

Based on the results of the Mathematics Placement Test, students may be required to take MATH 151. No more than one course in mathematics (MATH) at the 100 level can count for the general requirements toward the degree. Credit for 100-level mathematical sciences courses cannot be applied toward the mathematical sciences courses required for the major in mathematical sciences.

### Double major

Students who meet the requirements for two of the concentrations within the mathematical sciences curriculum can receive a double major. To initiate a double major, students must obtain the appropriate form from the Office of Records and Registration.

### Second baccalaureate degree

For students possessing a bachelor’s degree and wishing to gain undergraduate preparation in an area of mathematical sciences, second baccalaureate degrees are offered through the department. For detailed information about these programs, refer to the “Academic regulations and general degree requirement” section of this bulletin.

## Degree requirements for Mathematical Sciences, Bachelor of Science (B.S.) with a concentration in secondary teacher preparation

Course | Title | Hours |

| 30 |

| |

MATH 201 | Calculus with Analytic Geometry II ^{1} | 4 |

MATH 307 | Multivariate Calculus ^{1} | 4 |

MATH 310 | Linear Algebra ^{1} | 3 |

| |

MATH 255 | Introduction to Computational Mathematics | 3 |

or CMSC 245 | Introduction to Programming Using C++ |

or EGRE 245 | Engineering Programming |

MATH 300 | Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning ^{1} | 3 |

MATH 407 | Real Analysis | 3 |

MATH 490 | Mathematical Expositions | 3 |

| |

MATH 324 | Mathematical Problem Solving | 3 |

MATH 404 | Algebraic Structures and Functions | 3 |

MATH 424 | Modeling with Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 430 | The History of Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 505 | Modern Geometry | 3 |

^{2} | 0-6 |

HUMS 202 | Choices in a Consumer Society | 1 |

MATH 200 | Calculus with Analytic Geometry I (satisfies general education quantitative foundations) ^{1} | 4 |

STAT 212 | Concepts of Statistics | 3 |

^{3} | 1-3 |

| 0-6 |

| 8-10 |

| 3-5 |

| 21-39 |

Total Hours | 120 |

**The minimum number of credit hours required for this degree is 120.**

### Natural science sequence

Course | Title | Hours |

| 8-10 |

BIOL 151 | Introduction to Biological Sciences I (satisfies general education BOK for natural sciences and AOI for scientific and logical reasoning) | 3 |

BIOZ 151 | Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory I | 1 |

BIOL 152 | Introduction to Biological Sciences II | 3 |

BIOZ 152 | Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory II | 1 |

CHEM 101 | General Chemistry I (satisfies general education BOK for natural sciences and AOI for scientific and logical reasoning) | 3 |

CHEZ 101 | General Chemistry Laboratory I (satisfies general education AOI for scientific and logical reasoning) | 1 |

CHEM 102 | General Chemistry II | 3 |

CHEZ 102 | General Chemistry Laboratory II | 1 |

PHYS 201 | General Physics I (satisfies general education BOK for natural sciences and AOI for scientific and logical reasoning) | 4 |

PHYS 202 | General Physics II | 4 |

PHYS 207 | University Physics I (satisfies general education BOK for natural sciences and AOI for scientific and logical reasoning) | 5 |

PHYS 208 | University Physics II | 5 |

What follows is a sample plan that meets the prescribed requirements within a four-year course of study at VCU. Please contact your adviser before beginning course work toward a degree.

Freshman year |

Fall semester | Hours |

MATH 200 | Calculus with Analytic Geometry I () | 4 |

UNIV 101 | Introduction to the University | 1 |

UNIV 111 Play course video for Focused Inquiry I | Focused Inquiry I () | 3 |

| 3 |

| 3 |

| Term Hours: | 14 |

Spring semester | |

HUMS 202 | Choices in a Consumer Society | 1 |

MATH 201 | Calculus with Analytic Geometry II | 4 |

STAT 212 | Concepts of Statistics | 3 |

UNIV 112 Play course video for Focused Inquiry II | Focused Inquiry II () | 3 |

| 1-3 |

| 3 |

| Term Hours: | 15-17 |

Sophomore year |

Fall semester | |

MATH 255 | Introduction to Computational Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 300 | Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning | 3 |

MATH 307 | Multivariate Calculus | 4 |

UNIV 200 | Advanced Focused Inquiry: Literacies, Research and Communication () | 3 |

| 3 |

| Term Hours: | 16 |

Spring semester | |

MATH 310 | Linear Algebra | 3 |

MATH 324 | Mathematical Problem Solving | 3 |

| 3 |

| 3 |

| 3 |

| Term Hours: | 15 |

Junior year |

Fall semester | |

MATH 407 | Real Analysis | 3 |

MATH 430 | The History of Mathematics | 3 |

| 4-5 |

BIOL 151 & BIOZ 151 | Introduction to Biological Sciences I and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory I | - |

CHEM 101 & CHEZ 101 | General Chemistry I and General Chemistry Laboratory I | - |

PHYS 201 | General Physics I | - |

PHYS 207 | University Physics I | - |

| 4-6 |

| Term Hours: | 14-17 |

Spring semester | |

MATH 404 | Algebraic Structures and Functions | 3 |

| 3 |

| 4-5 |

BIOL 152 & BIOZ 152 | Introduction to Biological Sciences II and Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory II | - |

CHEM 102 & CHEZ 102 | General Chemistry II and General Chemistry Laboratory II | - |

PHYS 202 | General Physics II | - |

PHYS 208 | University Physics II | - |

| 6 |

| Term Hours: | 16-17 |

Senior year |

Fall semester | |

MATH 424 | Modeling with Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 505 | Modern Geometry | 3 |

^{1} | 3-5 |

| 6 |

| Term Hours: | 15-17 |

Spring semester | |

MATH 490 | Mathematical Expositions | 3 |

| 3 |

| 9 |

| Term Hours: | 15 |

| Total Hours: | 120-128 |

**The minimum number of credit hours required for this degree is 120.**