The activity of management is concerned with setting an organization's strategic goals and formulating processes to achieve them. Managers carry out their administrative roles by handling such duties as preparing and administering budgets, planning and directing operations, and coordinating employees' activities.

The management/international management concentration allows students to pursue an interest in the global nature of today's business world. A variety of opportunities for international study within and outside the university are available. Students in the management/international management concentration are encouraged to enrich their learning experience by pursuing a minor in international studies or foreign language, studying abroad through the Consortium International University or taking approved courses outside the School of Business.

Learning goals

The goal of the curriculum for the management concentration is to prepare students for careers that require general skills in business and management.

Learning outcomes

Upon completing this program, students will know and know how to do the following:

  1. Prepare a written analysis of situations requiring managerial decision-making
  2. Use advanced quantitative reasoning and statistical ability
  3. Understand the basic functions and responsibilities of human resource management
  4. Evaluate the international business environment and explain the challenges facing multinational firms
  5. Work with small firms, start up a small firm and understand entrepreneurial concepts useful in organizations of any size

Special requirements

The foundation program specifies course work required during the freshman and sophomore years. Students are eligible for admission into the advanced business program with a major in the School of Business upon meeting the minimum cumulative GPA requirement and successful completion of:

A minimum of 54 credits in the foundation program54
ACCT   203
ACCT   204
Introduction to Accounting I
and Introduction to Accounting II
6
BUSN   201
BUSN   202
Foundations of Business I
and Foundations of Business II
6
BUSN   225Winning Presentations3
ECON   210Principles of Microeconomics3
ECON   211Principles of Macroeconomics3
INFO   160Digital Literacy: Computer Concepts, Internet, Digital Devices1
INFO   161Digital Literacy: Word Processing Skills I1
INFO   162Digital Literacy: Spreadsheets Skills I1
Another INFO 16X course1
SCMA   212Differential Calculus and Optimization for Business3
or MATH   200 Calculus with Analytic Geometry
UNIV   111 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry IFocused Inquiry I3
UNIV   112 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry IIFocused Inquiry II (with a minimum grade of C)3
UNIV   200Inquiry and the Craft of Argument (with a minimum grade of C)3

The admission requirements for the School of Business detail the deadlines for students to be admitted to the advanced business program with a major in the school. At least 30 hours of the required business courses for the Bachelor of Science must be taken at VCU.

Students may need to take additional mathematics courses as prerequisites to SCMA   212 or MATH   200. These credits will count as electives in the foundation program. The sample curriculum outline includes SCMA   171 since many of our students will need to complete this course.

The INFO   160, INFO   161, INFO   162 and INFO   166 requirements may be waived upon successful completion of a Knowledge Equivalency Test administered by the Office of Undergraduate Studies. No more than two additional credits may be applied to the degree from the INFO 16x series.

No more than four credits in physical education courses may be applied to the degree..

PSYC   214 and INTL   493 may not be counted toward a business degree.

Degree requirements for Business, Bachelor of Science (B.S.) with a concentration in management/international management

Business foundation

General Education requirements

University Core Education Curriculum
UNIV   111 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry IFocused Inquiry I3
UNIV   112 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry IIFocused Inquiry II3
UNIV   200Inquiry and the Craft of Argument3
Approved humanities/fine arts3
Approved natural/physical sciences3-4
Approved quantitative literacy:3-4
Differential Calculus and Optimization for Business
Calculus with Analytic Geometry
Approved social/behavioral sciences3-4
Total Hours21-24
Business General Education requirements
BUSN   225Winning Presentations3
ECON   210Principles of Microeconomics3
ECON   211Principles of Macroeconomics3
INFO   160Digital Literacy: Computer Concepts, Internet, Digital Devices1
INFO   161Digital Literacy: Word Processing Skills I1
INFO   162Digital Literacy: Spreadsheets Skills I1
INFO   166Digital Literacy: Database Skills1
Business General Education elective (Select credits from the approved list.)3
Total Hours16

Additional Business Foundation requirements

ACCT   203
ACCT   204
Introduction to Accounting I
and Introduction to Accounting II
6
BUSN   201
BUSN   202
Foundations of Business I
and Foundations of Business II
6
Electives8-14
Total Hours20-26

Advanced business program

Advanced business core
FIRE   311Financial Management3
MGMT   310Managing People in Organizations3
MGMT   434Strategic Management (capstone)3
MKTG   301Marketing Principles3
SCMA   301Business Statistics I3
SCMA   325Organizational Communication3
Major requirements
Advanced core (flexible by major)
INFO   360Business Information Systems3
MGMT   319Leadership3
SCMA   302Business Statistics II3
SCMA   320Production/Operations Management3
SCMA   323Legal Environment of Business3
Major-specific courses
ECON/INTL 329International Economics3
MGMT   331Human Resource Management3
MGMT   389Managerial Skills Development3
MGMT/INTL 418International Management3
MKTG/INTL 320International Marketing3
Select three approved international management electives9
Total Hours57

Total minimum requirement 120 credits

Business general education electives

Additional University Core Education Curriculum approved courses
Any AFAM, ANTH, ANTZ, ARTH, BIOL, BIOZ, CHEM, CHEZ, CRJS, DANC, ENGL, ENVS, FRSC, FRSZ, GEOG, GEOZ, HIST, INNO, INSC, INTL (except INTL   493), MASC, MATH, PHIL, PHYS, PHYZ, POLI, PSYC (except PSYC   214), RELS, SOCS, SOCY, USRP or WRLD course
Any foreign language course
Any honors-designated course taught outside of the School of Business
Any of the following UNIV courses:
Food for Thought
The Truth About Lying
Finding Your Voice in Contemporary Society
Pseudoscience
What's the Big Idea?

Approved international management electives

BUSN   400Principles of Consulting3
BUSN   401International Consulting Practicum3
FIRE 316/INTL   416International Financial Management3
MGMT/INTL 446International Human Resource Management3
MGMT   491Topics in Management (variable, with no more than six credits total)1-3
MGMT   493Internship in Management3
MKTG   448Digital Marketing3
SCMA 329/INTL   327Introduction to Intercultural Communication3
Consortium International University courses (require approval by faculty adviser and chair)
 

What follows is a sample plan that meets the prescribed requirements within a four-year course of study at VCU. Please contact your adviser before beginning course work toward a degree.

Freshman year
Fall semesterHours
INFO   160 Digital Literacy: Computer Concepts, Internet, Digital Devices 1
INFO   162 Digital Literacy: Spreadsheets Skills I 1
SCMA   171 Mathematical Applications for Business 3
UNIV   111 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry I Focused Inquiry I 3
Approved University Core Education Curriculum courses 6-8
 Term Hours: 14-16
Spring semester
BUSN   225 Winning Presentations 3
INFO   161 Digital Literacy: Word Processing Skills I 1
INFO   166 Digital Literacy: Database Skills 1
SCMA   212
Differential Calculus and Optimization for Business
or Calculus with Analytic Geometry
3-4
UNIV   112 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry II Focused Inquiry II 3
Approved University Core Education Curriculum course 3-4
 Term Hours: 14-16
Sophomore year
Fall semester
ACCT   203 Introduction to Accounting I 3
BUSN   201 Foundations of Business I 3
ECON   210 Principles of Microeconomics 3
UNIV   200 Inquiry and the Craft of Argument 3
Business General Education elective 3
 Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
ACCT   204 Introduction to Accounting II 3
BUSN   202 Foundations of Business II 3
ECON   211 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
SCMA   323 Legal Environment of Business 3
Elective 3
 Term Hours: 15
Junior year
Fall semester
FIRE   311 Financial Management 3
MGMT   310 Managing People in Organizations 3
MKTG   301 Marketing Principles 3
SCMA   301 Business Statistics I 3
SCMA   325 Organizational Communication 3
 Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
ECON   329
International Economics
or International Economics
3
INFO   360 Business Information Systems 3
MGMT   319 Leadership 3
MGMT   331 Human Resource Management 3
SCMA   302 Business Statistics II 3
 Term Hours: 15
Senior year
Fall semester
MGMT   389 Managerial Skills Development 3
MGMT   418
International Management
or International Management
3
SCMA   320 Production/Operations Management 3
Approved international management elective 3
Elective 3
 Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
MGMT   434 Strategic Management 3
MKTG   320
International Marketing
or International Marketing
3
Approved international management electives 6
Elective 3
 Term Hours: 15
 Total Hours: 118-122

Total minimum requirement 120 credits

MGMT   121. The Business Environment. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Not open to juniors and seniors in the School of Business. Concepts and issues in contemporary business.

MGMT   291. Topics in Management. 1-3 Hours.

Variable hours. Variable credit. Maximum of 3 credits per topic. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. An in-depth study of selected business topics. Graded as pass/fail at the option of the department.

MGMT   310. Managing People in Organizations. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. This course is restricted to students who have completed at least 54 credits (junior standing). Introduces students to the management of people in organizations, focusing on the managerial skills, knowledge and activities needed for a successful business operation. Topics include planning, organizing, staffing and leading; effectively utilizing human capital to achieve an organization’s objectives in today’s competitive environment.

MGMT   318. Study Abroad. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. 1-3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. A field study orientation with the purpose of exposing students to particular global marketplaces. Open to all majors.

MGMT   319. Leadership. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MGMT   310. This course is restricted to students who have completed at least 54 credit hours (junior standing). Coverage of the major approaches to leadership considering individual, team, organizational and cultural perspectives. Emphasis on self-assessment and on historical and contemporary leadership cases.

MGMT   321. Survey of Entrepreneurship. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Underlying concepts in entrepreneurship; the importance of entrepreneurs and the problems they face; entrepreneur characteristics and competencies; what makes an idea entrepreneurial; managing relations, ethics and sustainability; opportunity recognition, critical thinking and emphasis on innovative concept development; detailed concept feasibility analysis.

MGMT   331. Human Resource Management. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MGMT 301, STAT   210 or STAT   212. This course is restricted to students who have completed at least 54 credit hours (junior standing). Introduces students to the role of human resource management in attracting and retaining a productive workforce. Includes human resource planning, recruitment and selection; employee diversity and development; performance appraisal and reward systems; labor and employee relations; and public policy related to HRM practices.

MGMT   334. Organization Design and Effectiveness. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: junior standing. Applies macro-organization theory to the effective design of organizational structure and processes. Examines the role of factors such as technology, structure, strategy and environment; power, politics and culture in organizations; and organizational life cycles.

MGMT   389. Managerial Skills Development. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MGMT   310. A practicum in the development of personal, interpersonal and team-management skills as applied to leadership and teamwork.

MGMT   403. Human Resource Development. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: junior standing. Designed to improve qualifications of those seeking employment in the human resources field. Focuses on human resource development and organization development and their relationship to human resource management.

MGMT   418. International Management. 3 Hours.

3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: junior standing. The study of the environment of international business, ethics and social responsibility in international settings, culture and its effect on behavior and management practice, and the strategies and management practices of firms engaged in international activities. Aims to provide students with the knowledge, skills and sensitivities needed to be effective managers in the international business environment. Crosslisted as: INTL   418.

MGMT   419. Doing Business in Europe. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: junior standing and permission of instructor. Designed primarily as a core integrative course for students enrolled in the Certificate in International Management Studies, but other students are welcome. The course has three goals: a) integration of foreign languages, European studies and international management; b) infusion of other business areas relevant to doing business in Europe (such as international marketing, finance law and economics); and c) the development of cultural sensitivity and social responsibility. The course will be organized as a series of seminars with faculty and other speakers from the above disciplines. Crosslisted as: INTL   419.

MGMT   420. Labor and Employment Relations. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MGMT   331. This course is restricted to students who have completed at least 54 credit hours (junior standing). Managerial decision-making in labor management relationships; the collective bargaining process and the administration of labor agreements; the impact of public policy and labor legislation.

MGMT   422. Managing the Family Firm. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: MGMT   321 or permission of instructor, and junior standing. Students are expected to develop specific strategies and approaches to enhance the effectiveness of the family firm. Designed for members of family firms as well as those who will be working in or providing goods or services for family enterprises. Topics include succession strategies; management and strategic planning; ownership issues; taxes-transfer, gift and estate; professionalizing the family firm; boards of directors in the family firm, family business growth, psychological issues, change and conflict in the family business; family relations; women in the family firm; the younger generation; consulting and education for family business; family business in society; global and ethnicity issues in family business; culture and values.

MGMT   423. Social Entrepreneurship. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Restricted to students who have completed at least 54 credit hours (junior standing). An advanced management course in promoting societal good through entrepreneurial activities. Students will learn the various forms of entrepreneurship that benefit society, developing an understanding of the many contexts in which such entrepreneurship occurs and its impact on society. Students will identify issues of societal/environmental marginalization, ideate potential solutions, generate in-depth research relevant to course projects and take part in presentations regarding their findings and the development of a socially conscious venture.

MGMT   431. Strategic Human Resource Management. 3 Hours.

3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MGMT   331. This course is restricted to students who have completed at least 54 credit hours (junior standing). A critical study of selected problems in human resource management.

MGMT   433. Compensation Management. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MGMT   331. The design and implementation of compensation and reward systems that both support an organization's strategy and enhance organizational effectiveness.

MGMT   434. Strategic Management. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: MGMT   310; MKTG   301; FIRE   311; SCMA   301, STAT   210 or STAT   212; and SCMA   325. This course is restricted to business majors with senior standing. Integrative course to analyze policy issues at the overall management-level involving functional areas such as production, finance and marketing, in context with the economic, political and social environment.

MGMT   435. New Venture Strategy and Initiation. 3 Hours.

Continuous courses; 3 lecture hours. 3-3 credits. Prerequisites: MGMT   321; completion of MGMT   435 to enroll in MGMT   436. First semester: provides students with an integrated strategic analysis of entrepreneurial firms and how they establish competitive advantage. Second semester: engages students in intensive development of a comprehensive business plan using knowledge and skills from MGMT   435. Students should take MGMT   436 immediately following MGMT   435.

MGMT   436. New Venture Strategy and Initiation. 3 Hours.

Continuous courses; 3 lecture hours. 3-3 credits. Prerequisites: MGMT   321; completion of MGMT   435 to enroll in MGMT   436. First semester: provides students with an integrated strategic analysis of entrepreneurial firms and how they establish competitive advantage. Second semester: engages students in intensive development of a comprehensive business plan using knowledge and skills from MGMT   435. Students should take MGMT   436 immediately following MGMT   435.

MGMT   444. Occupational Safety, Health and Security. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Covers the principles and practices, and regulatory dimensions of occupational safety, health and security. Causes of workplace health hazard exposures, accidents and domestic and international industrial violence are studied with an emphasis on prevention. Characteristics of effective occupational safety, health and workplace security programs are studied to facilitate understanding and application in the workplace. Crosslisted as: FIRE   444.

MGMT   446. International Human Resource Management. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MGMT   331, INTL/MGMT   418 or ECON/INTL   329. Covers the application of human resource management activities in an international context. Highlights similarities and differences with domestic methods; current practices in the selection, development, compensation and maintenance of parent-country, host-country and third-country nationals; and the impact of regulatory and cultural differences between countries. Crosslisted as: INTL   446.

MGMT   447. Human Resource Information Systems. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: MGMT   331. This course is restricted to students who have completed at least 54 credit hours (junior standing). Covers contemporary human resource information software used in the primary activities of human resource management involving recruitment, selection, performance appraisal, employee benefits, pay administration, safety and health, human resource development, job analysis, human resource planning and job structuring. Emphasis is on introducing the software and practical application through hands-on experience in the computer laboratory.

MGMT   481. LAW FOR ACCOUNTANTS I. 3 Hours.

MGMT   491. Topics in Management. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. Variable credit. Maximum of 3 credits per course; maximum total of 6 credits for all topic courses. Prerequisite: junior standing. An in-depth study of a selected business topic, to be announced in advance.

MGMT   492. Independent Study in Management. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; 1-3 credits. Maximum total of 3 credits. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing as a major in a business curriculum and approval of adviser and department chair prior to course registration. Intensive study under supervision of a faculty member in an area not covered in-depth or contained in the regular curriculum.

MGMT   493. Internship in Management. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 credits. Prerequisites: senior standing in the major offering the internship and permission of the department chair. Intention to enroll must be indicated to the instructor prior to or during advance registration for semester of credit. Involves students in a meaningful experience in a setting appropriate to the major. Graded as pass/fail at the option of the department.