The Bachelor of Arts program in English requires a minimum of 120 credits, with at least 33 upper-level (numbered 300 to 499) credits in the major. Six of the 33 credits may be taken in upper-level foreign literature read in the original language or upper-level foreign literature in English translation (FLET). UNIV   111 and UNIV   112 (or equivalent) and a 200-level literature course (or equivalent) do not count toward the major.

English majors must take a minimum of nine credits at the 400 level, including the senior seminar, ENGL   499. Students may expect 300-level courses in the department to emphasize historical breadth, while 400-level courses will offer in-depth focus. ENGL   410-ENGL   414, ENGL   480-ENGL   485 and ENGL   499 will include British, American or other literatures (world, transatlantic, etc.). For specific topics, see the Schedule of Classes; majors are encouraged to choose 400-level courses from more than one literary tradition (British, American, other literatures).

Learning outcomes

Upon completing this program, students will know and know how to do the following:

  • Read closely a wide variety of texts from diverse traditions and recognize how texts are shaped by historical, geographical and generic contexts.
  • Write clearly and effective compositions that reflect their understanding of literary genres, critical perspectives and rhetorical purposes. 
  • Employ various strategies for research in order to write persuasive essays.
 

Degree requirements for English, Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)

General Education requirements

University Core Education Curriculum (minimum 21 credits)
UNIV   111 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry IFocused Inquiry I3
UNIV   112 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry IIFocused Inquiry II3
UNIV   200Inquiry and the Craft of Argument3
Approved humanities/fine arts3
Approved natural/physical sciences3-4
Approved quantitative literacy3-4
Approved social/behavioral sciences3-4
Total Hours21-24
Additional College of Humanities and Sciences requirements (11-23 credits)
HUMS   202Choices in a Consumer Society1
Approved H&S diverse and global communities3
Approved H&S human, social and political behavior (fulfills University Core social/behavioral sciences)
Approved H&S literature and civilization (fulfills University Core humanities/fine arts)
Approved H&S science and technology (fulfills University Core natural/physical sciences)
Approved H&S General Education electives6-8
Experiential fine arts 11-3
Foreign language through the 102 level (by course or placement)0-8
Total Hours11-23
1

Course offered by the School of the Arts

Collateral requirements

Foreign language (201) by course or placement0-3
Foreign language (202 or 205) by course or placement0-3
Total Hours0-6

Major requirements

ENGL   301Introduction to the English Major3
ENGL   499Senior Seminar in English3
Linguistics, writing, criticism
Select one course from two of the following three areas:6
Linguistics
Introduction to Linguistics
Modern Grammar
History of the English Language
Language and Gender
Modern Rhetoric
Cross-cultural Communication
Language, Culture and Cognition
Writing
Legal Writing
Writing for Stage and/or Screen
Advanced Writing
Writing Poetry
Writing Fiction
Writing Creative Nonfiction
Business and Technical Report Writing
Writing Process and Practice
Writing in the Workplace
The Teaching of Writing Skills
Advanced Dramatic Writing
Advanced Poetry Writing
Advanced Fiction Writing
Advanced Creative Nonfiction Writing
Topics in Writing (by specific topic)
Criticism
Introduction to Literary Theory
Feminist Literary Theory
Topics in Literature (by specific topic)
Form and Theory of Poetry
Form and Theory of Fiction
Form and Theory of Creative Nonfiction
Literary Theory and Criticism: ____
Literature
Select six credits in literature prior to 1700 16
Early Literary Traditions
English Drama From 900 to 1642
Medieval Literature: Old English to Middle English
Late Medieval Literature
Early Modern Literature
Shakespeare in Context
The Bible as Literature
Topics in Literature (by specific topic)
Shakespeare
Chaucer
Milton
Medieval Studies: ____
Early Modern Studies: ____
Authors: ____ (by specific topic)
Genres: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Topics: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Texts and Contexts: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Movements: ____ (by specific topic)
Select six credits in literature between 1700 and 1945 16
Restoration and 18th-century Drama
Restoration and 18th-century British Literature
18th-century British Novels and Narratives
British Literature of the Romantic Era
19th-century British Novels and Narratives
Victorian Poetry
Early 20th-century British Literature
American Literary Beginnings
U.S. Literature: 1820-1865
U.S. Literature: 1865-1913
U.S. Literature: Modernism
19th-century U.S. Novels and Narratives
Topics in Literature (by specific topic)
18th-century Studies: ____
19th-century Studies: ____
Authors: ____ (by specific topic)
Genres: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Topics: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Texts and Contexts: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Movements: ____ (by specific topic)
Topics in American Studies (by specific topic)
Perspectives in American Studies (by specific topic)
Select three credits in the literature of diversity 13
Women Writers
Lesbian Texts/Queer Theories
African Literature
Mythology and Folklore
Caribbean Literature
Writing and Social Change: ____
African-American Literature : Beginnings Through the Harlem Renaissance
Multiethnic Literature
Topics in Literature (by specific topic)
Authors: ____ (by specific topic)
Genres: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Topics: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Texts and Contexts: ____ (by specific topic)
Literary Movements: ____ (by specific topic)
Required electives/optional focus
Select six to nine required elective/optional focus credits (see below)6-9
Total Hours33-36
1

No single course may be used to satisfy two of these requirements.

Open electives

Select 35-55 open elective credits35-55

Total minimum requirement 120 credits

Required electives/optional focus

As part of the English major, electives allow students to take courses of particular interest to them. Electives may not be used to satisfy any other requirements for the major, except ENGL   499. In consultation with an adviser, students are encouraged to cluster their elective courses in one of the following focus areas.

  • Literary studies (including courses grouped by historical period, genre, region, national and minority traditions, thematics, literary movement, literary influence, etc.)
  • Writing (including both expository and creative writing)
  • Criticism and theory (including approaches to literature, form and theory courses, etc.)
  • Cultural studies (including courses that focus on race, class, gender, ethnicity, film, popular culture, etc.)
  • Linguistics (including courses that focus on history of the language, cross-cultural communications, etc.)

Students are advised to consult the full listing and description of English courses before planning their elective courses.

What follows is a sample plan that meets the prescribed requirements within a four-year course of study at VCU. Please contact your adviser before beginning course work toward a degree.

Freshman year
Fall semesterHours
MATH   131
Introduction to Contemporary Mathematics
or Statistical Thinking
3
UNIV   111 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry I Focused Inquiry I 3
Approved H&S diverse and global communities 3
Approved H&S human, social, and political behavior 3
Foreign language (101) 4
 Term Hours: 16
Spring semester
UNIV   112 Play VideoPlay course video for Focused Inquiry II Focused Inquiry II 3
Approved H&S literature and civilization 3
Approved H&S science and technology 3
Experiential fine arts 3
Foreign language (102) 4
 Term Hours: 16
Sophomore year
Fall semester
ENGL   215 Textual Analysis 3
HUMS   202 Choices in a Consumer Society 1
UNIV   200 Inquiry and the Craft of Argument 3
Approved H&S General Education elective 3
Foreign language (201) 3
Open elective 3
 Term Hours: 16
Spring semester
ENGL   301 Introduction to the English Major 3
ENGL 300 level: Literature between 1700 and 1945 3
ENGL 300 or 400 level: Linguistics, writing or criticism 3
Foreign language (202 or 205) 3
Open elective 3
 Term Hours: 15
Junior year
Fall semester
ENGL 300 or 400 level: Linguistics, writing or criticism 3
ENGL 300 or 400 level: Literature of diversity group 3
ENGL 300 or 400 level: Literature prior to 1700 3
Open electives 6
 Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
ENGL 300 or 400 level: Literature prior to 1700 3
ENGL 300 or 400 level: Literature between 1700 and 1945 3
ENGL 400-level elective 3
Open electives 3-6
 Term Hours: 12-15
Senior year
Fall semester
ENGL 400-level elective 3
Open electives 12
 Term Hours: 15
Spring semester
ENGL   499 Senior Seminar in English 3
Open electives 12
 Term Hours: 15
 Total Hours: 120-123
 

ENGL   201. Western World Literature I. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. An introduction to the literature of Western cultures from the ancient world through the Renaissance, emphasizing connections among representative works.

ENGL   202. Western World Literature II. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. An introduction to the literature of Western cultures from the end of the Renaissance to the present, emphasizing connections among representative works.

ENGL   203. British Literature I. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. An introduction to the literature of the British Isles from the Middle Ages through the 18th century, emphasizing connections among representative works.

ENGL   204. British Literature II. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. An introduction to the literature of the British Isles from the late 18th century to the present, emphasizing connections among representative works.

ENGL   205. American Literature I. 3 Hours.

Semester courses; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. An introduction to the literature of the United States from its origins through the 1860s, emphasizing connections among representative works.

ENGL   206. American Literature II. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. An introduction to the literature of the United States from the 1860s to the present, emphasizing connections among the representative works.

ENGL   211. Contemporary World Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. A study of selected literature published in the past 25 years and chosen from a number of different nations and cultures. Crosslisted as: INTL   211.

ENGL   215. Textual Analysis. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. An inquiry into literary texts, emphasizing critical thinking and close reading. Individual sections will focus on a unifying question or problem. Students will study selected texts and their times with an emphasis on developing skills in one or more of the following areas: reading, writing, research and/or oral communication.

ENGL   236. Women in Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. An introduction to literature by and/or about women. Crosslisted as: GSWS   236.

ENGL   291. Topics in Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Maximum 6 credits in all topics courses at the 200 level. Prerequisite: UNIV   112 or both ENGL   295 and HONR   200. An introduction to literature through the in-depth study of a selected topic or genre. See the Schedule of Classes for specific topics to be offered.

ENGL   295. The Reading and Writing of Fiction and Poetry. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. An introduction to the basic elements of writing poetry and fiction, using published examples of contemporary fiction and verse as guides in the study of literary form and the production of original creative writing. Students will be offered a practitioner's perspective on genre conventions and the process of revision.

ENGL   301. Introduction to the English Major. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Study of literature focused on skills helpful in the English major, introducing students to the ways in which language is used in literary texts and to the practice of writing responses to those texts. Texts will represent at least two genres (drama, poetry, prose). This course should be taken at the beginning of the student's major, preferably before completing more than six hours of other upper-level English courses. Majors are required to take ENGL   301; they must achieve a minimum grade of C to complete the requirement.

ENGL   302. Legal Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Intensive practice in writing on subjects related to law or legal problems. Emphasis on organization, development, logical flow and clarity of style. May not be used to satisfy the literature requirement of the College of Humanities and Sciences. Crosslisted as: CRJS   302.

ENGL   303. Writing for Stage and/or Screen. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 workshop hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A workshop in playwriting or screenwriting primarily for students who have not yet completed a full-length dramatic work. Students will present a portfolio of work at the end of each course.

ENGL   304. Advanced Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. An advanced study of informative and persuasive prose techniques, with attention to the relationships among content, form and style. May not be used to satisfy the literature requirement of the College of Humanities and Sciences.

ENGL   305. Writing Poetry. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 workshop hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. An introduction to the craft of writing poetry. Students will explore the elements of poetic technique and produce a volume of quality work.

ENGL   307. Writing Fiction. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 workshop hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A fiction workshop primarily for students who have not produced a portfolio of finished creative work. Students will present a collection of their work at the end of each course.

ENGL   309. Writing Creative Nonfiction. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 workshop hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A creative nonfiction workshop primarily for students who have not produced a portfolio of finished creative work. Students will present a collection of their work at the end of each course.

ENGL   310. Business and Technical Report Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Development of critical writing skills used in business, science, technology and government, including instructions, descriptions, process explanations, reports, manuals and proposals. The course will include such topics as communication theory, technical style, illustrations, formats for proposals, reports and manuals. Crosslisted as: MGMT 327.

ENGL   311. Introduction to Literary Theory. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Introduces students to the variety of critical methods that are sometimes employed — often subconsciously or habitually — in writing about literature. Requires students to think abstractly and theoretically about the nature of the literary text, but it also gives students valuable practice in mastering different critical methods through close engagements with short stories, poems and plays.

ENGL   320. Early Literary Traditions. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of early and medieval literature such as epic, romance, saga or lyric poetry written in England or influencing English literature prior to 1500.

ENGL   321. English Drama From 900 to 1642. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of the origin of the English drama and its development until the closing of the theaters in 1642, exclusive of Shakespeare.

ENGL   322. Medieval Literature: Old English to Middle English. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of texts in Old and Middle English, and the literary and cultural traditions that influence the rise of English literature over 500 years from the early to the High Middle Ages, or from Bede and Beowulf to Chaucer.

ENGL   324. Late Medieval Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. An introduction to the literature of the 15th and 16th centuries. Works surveyed will likely include those of Langland, Julian of Norwich, Kempe, Malory, Henryson, Skelton, More, Tyndale, Foxe, Surrey, Spenser and Sidney.

ENGL   325. Early Modern Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. An introduction to the literature of the 16th and 17th centuries, which may include Sidney, Spenser, Donne, Jonson, Lanyer, Wroth, Phillips, Cavendish, Bradstreet, Hutchinson, Milton and Bunyan.

ENGL   326. Shakespeare in Context. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Examines selected works of Shakespeare in historical, political, sociocultural, literary and/or other contexts.

ENGL   330. Restoration and 18th-century Drama. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of English drama from 1660-1777, usually including the comedy of manners, sentimental comedy, ballad opera, farce and heroic and bourgeois tragedy.

ENGL   331. Restoration and 18th-century British Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A survey of representative poetry, drama and prose from the Restoration and 18th century, usually including Behn, Dryden, Pope, Swift, Johnson and Gay.

ENGL   332. 18th-century British Novels and Narratives. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of the British narratives in the long 18th century, usually including Defoe, Richardson, Fielding, Burney, Sterne, Austen, Radcliffe and Walpole.

ENGL   335. British Literature of the Romantic Era. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Exploration of the literature and the cultural phenomenon of Romanticism in Britain during the years 1783-1832, with reading from poets such as Blake, Wordsworth, Byron and Shelley, and from a variety of other writers.

ENGL   336. 19th-century British Novels and Narratives. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of British narratives of the 19th century, usually including Austen, Dickens, Thackeray, the Brontes, George Eliot and Hardy.

ENGL   337. Victorian Poetry. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A survey of the poetry of Victorian Britain, usually including Tennyson, the Brownings, Arnold and the pre-Raphaelites.

ENGL   340. Early 20th-century British Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Representative British and Irish poetry, fiction and drama of the early 20th century, including such writers as Yeats, Joyce, Shaw, Lawrence, Conrad, Auden, Forster and Woolf.

ENGL   341. British Literature and Culture After 1945. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A British studies course that surveys writing in Britain and Ireland since the mid-20th century, with emphasis on social, economic and ideological contexts. Includes such authors as William Golding, Doris Lessing, Seamus Heaney, Harold Pinter, Philip Larkin, Iris Murdoch, Kazuo Ishiguro, Salman Rushdie and Carol Ann Duffy.

ENGL   342. The Modern Novel. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An examination of the novel, chiefly British and European, in the 20th century.

ENGL   343. Modern Poetry. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of British and American poetry in the first half of the 20th century.

ENGL   344. Modern Drama. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of the development of Continental, English and American drama since Ibsen.

ENGL   345. Contemporary Poetry. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of British and American poetry from approximately 1945 to the present for the purpose of determining the aesthetic and thematic concerns of contemporary poets.

ENGL   347. Contemporary Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of internationally prominent texts in various genres produced during the past 30 years. Familiarizes students with distinctive properties of literary expression that have emerged in this period, such as the political, historical, economic and social influences that have shaped literary production.

ENGL   352. Feminist Literary Theory. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. The study of contemporary feminist thought and feminist approaches to analyzing literature and culture. This course examines the history and development of feminist theory as a methodology in the humanities, explores several of the major theoretical trends of the past 30 years and examines applications of feminist theory to specific works of literature. Crosslisted as: GSWS   352.

ENGL   353. Women Writers. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated once when different groups of writers are studied. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of selected literature written by women and about women writers. Crosslisted as: GSWS   353.

ENGL   354. Lesbian Texts/Queer Theories. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of queer literature and theory, focusing on writing about female same-sex desire. Explores the idea of a "lesbian subject" and a "lesbian text" through directed study of literature, film, history and theory. Considers issues of aesthetics, politics, authorship and interpretive communities and examines the intersection of social identities with particular attention to race/ethnicity, sex/gender, class and nationality. Crosslisted as: GSWS   354.

ENGL   355. African-American Women Writers. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Surveys the African-American women’s literary tradition from slavery to the present. Explores the variety of ways African-American women writers gained self-expression in the midst of gender and race oppression. Also explores the rise of black feminist discourse in the U.S. as a project of reclaiming and giving voice to writers who had previously been silenced or suppressed.

ENGL   361. The Bible as Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Literary aspects of the Bible will be considered. Also, attention will be given to the history of the English Bible. Crosslisted as: RELS   361.

ENGL   363. African Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A survey of the literature of Africa with particular emphases on fiction and on West Africa. Some attention also will be given to orature. Crosslisted as: AFAM   363/INTL   366.

ENGL   364. Mythology and Folklore. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of one or more forms of folklore, such as folktales, fairy tales, legends, myths, proverbs, riddles, ballads and/or games, with some attention to literary, social or historical significance and contexts. This course may also include approaches to collecting material or to examining later literary forms and texts inspired by folklore. Crosslisted as: ANTH   364.

ENGL   365. Caribbean Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A survey of West Indian writings. Attention will be given to African, European and Amerindian influences, as well as to the emergence of a West Indian literary tradition. Crosslisted as: AFAM   365/INTL   367.

ENGL   366. Writing and Social Change: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture/workshop hours. 3 credits. May be repeated once for credit with a different topic. Prerequisite: three credits in a 200-level literature course (or equivalent). A focused study of the literatures of underserved communities such as those of prisoners, recovering addicts, inner-city teens or immigrants. Students will collaborate with one such community on an original writing project.

ENGL   367. Writing Process and Practice. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture/workshop hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Joins writing theory to writing practice. Students will explore their own writing practice and expand their knowledge of rhetorical processes and the teaching/learning of writing. Covers readings and investigations into theories about writing and the writing process, as well as the principles of working one-on-one with student writers. In the latter part of the semester students will devote two hours per week to peer consulting in the Writing Center.

ENGL   368. Nature Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of the literary genre of nature writing in English. Crosslisted as: ENVS   368.

ENGL   369. Illness Narratives. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. An overview of the history, interpretations and practices of reading and writing illness narratives — through case studies and theoretical perspectives, in fictionalized and nonfiction accounts, from the viewpoint of various actors (doctors, patients, patient families and their caregivers). Students will further examine the role of narrative knowledge in health care. Crosslisted as: SCTS   301.

ENGL   371. American Literary Beginnings. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of the most important writings from the founding of the first colonies to the establishment of the federal government with attention to such authors as Bradford, Byrd, Bradstreet, Equiano, Cabeza de Vaca and Franklin.

ENGL   372. U.S. Literature: 1820-1865. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of the writings of American authors in the middle decades of the 19th century, with attention to such authors as Poe, Emerson, Thoreau, Stowe, Hawthorne, Melville, Douglass and Whitman.

ENGL   373. U.S. Literature: 1865-1913. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of writings from the end of the Civil War to World War I, with attention to such authors as Dickinson, Clemens, Howell, James, Wharton, Crane, Norris, Dreiser, Chopin and Chesnutt.

ENGL   374. U.S. Literature: Modernism. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of the most important writings between World War I and World War II, with attention to such authors as Anderson, Frost, Eliot, Stein, Glasgow, Fitzgerald, Wright, Cather, Hemingway, O'Neill, Hurston, Toomer and Faulkner.

ENGL   375. U.S. Literature After 1945. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of American writings since the end of World War II, with attention to such authors as Albee, Baldwin, Carver, Coover, Ellison, Erdrich, Ginsberg, Lowell, Morrison, Plath, Pynchon, Salinger and Walker.

ENGL   377. 19th-century U.S. Novels and Narratives. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of selected novels with some attention to other forms of narrative that reflect the experiences of diverse groups in the United States.

ENGL   378. 20th-century U.S. Novels and Narratives. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of selected novels with some attention to other forms of narrative that reflect the experiences of diverse groups of the United States.

ENGL   379. African-American Literature : Beginnings Through the Harlem Renaissance. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An examination of the culture and literature of African Americans from their roots in Africa and the African Diaspora to the Harlem Renaissance. Authors may include Wheatley, Douglass, DuBois, Hurston, Hughes and Cullen. Crosslisted as: AFAM   379.

ENGL   380. Southern Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of the literature of the South with attention to writers such as Byrd, Poe, Chopin, Faulkner, Welty, Wolfe, O'Connor, Walker and Percy.

ENGL   381. Multiethnic Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of the literature and culture of multiethnic writers in the United States. May include Native American, Latino/a, African-American, Asian-American and/or Jewish-American authors.

ENGL   382. African-American Literature: Realism to the Present. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An examination of the culture and literature of African-Americans from the Harlem Renaissance to the present day. Authors may include Wright, Ellison, Hayden, Brooks, Walker, and Morrison.

ENGL   385. Fiction into Film. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of the translation of literature into film. Topical approaches vary from semester to semester. Consideration is given to the literature in its original form and to the methods of translating it into film.

ENGL   386. Children's Literature I. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Designed to give students an appreciation of children's literature; includes biography, fable, myth, traditional and modern fanciful tales and poetry, as well as a survey of the history of children's literature. Crosslisted as: TEDU   386.

ENGL   387. Literature for Adolescents. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Designed to acquaint the prospective middle and secondary school English teacher with the nature, scope and uses of adolescent literature. The student is acquainted with reading materials for meeting the varied needs and interests of adolescents. Crosslisted as: TEDU   387.

ENGL   388. Writing in the Workplace. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture/workshop hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200 and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Advance study and practice of writing in fields such as technology, science, administration and government, including visual rhetoric in both print and electronic forms.

ENGL   389. The Teaching of Writing Skills. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Studies the theory and methods for teaching writing to students in middle and secondary schools. Teaches strategies for prewriting, composing, peer revision, evaluation and topic construction. Includes extensive journal and essay writing. Crosslisted as: TEDU   389.

ENGL   390. Introduction to Linguistics. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An introduction to methods of language analysis, emphasizing the study of sounds and sound patterns and units of meaning and their arrangements. Crosslisted as: LING   390/ANTH   390.

ENGL   391. Topics in Literature. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Maximum of 12 credits in all topics courses at the upper level. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An in-depth study of a literary genre, an aesthetic or cultural theme in literature, or of a major writer in English or American literature. See the Schedule of Classes for specific topics to be offered each semester.

ENGL   392. Language, Culture and Cognition. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ANTH   220 or 230. Introduces theoretical and methodological foundations for the study of language from sociocultural perspectives. The perspectives include linguistic, philosophical, psychological, sociological and anthropological contributions to the understanding of verbal and nonverbal communication as a social activity embedded in cultural contexts. No prior training in linguistics is presupposed. Crosslisted as: ANTH   328/FRLG   328/LING   392.

ENGL   401. Shakespeare. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated once for credit. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Advanced study of Shakespeare’s works. May focus on a specific genre (tragedies, comedies, romances, histories, lyrics, narrative poems) or period of Shakespeare’s career.

ENGL   402. Chaucer. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of "The Canterbury Tales," with some attention to the early works.

ENGL   403. Milton. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of shorter poems, selected prose, "Paradise Lost" and "Samson Agonistes.

ENGL   407. Medieval Epic and Romance. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: three credits in a 200-level literature course (or equivalent). A study of the vernacular epic and romance in England and on the continent prior to 1500.

ENGL   410. Medieval Studies: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Studies in the English language and literature of the Middle Ages in its cultural context.

ENGL   411. Early Modern Studies: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Studies in the language, literature and culture of early modern Britain, ca. 1500 to 1700.

ENGL   412. 18th-century Studies: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with different topics for maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Studies in the literature, language and culture of the 18th century in Britain and/or the United States.

ENGL   413. 19th-century Studies: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Studies in the literature, language and culture of the 19th century in Britain and/or the United States.

ENGL   414. 20th-century Studies: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Studies in the literature, language and culture of the 20th century in Britain, the United States and/or elsewhere in the Anglophone world.

ENGL   423. ENGLISH DRAMA:900-1642. 3 Hours.

ENGL   424. RESTORATION & 18TH CENT DRAMA. 3 Hours.

ENGL   426. ADVANCED PLAYWRITING. 3 Hours.

ENGL   433. Advanced Dramatic Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 workshop hours. 3 credits. May be repeated once for credit. Prerequisite: ENGL   303. A practical approach to the creation of original scripts for theatre or film. Crosslisted as: THEA   426.

ENGL   435. Advanced Poetry Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 workshop hours. 3 credits. May be repeated once for credit. Prerequisite: ENGL   305. Study of the craft of writing, with instruction and guidance toward constructive self-criticism. Workshop members will be expected to produce a substantial volume of quality work and to become proficient in critical analysis in order to evaluate and articulate the strength of their own poetry. May not be used to satisfy the literature requirement of the College of Humanities and Sciences.

ENGL   437. Advanced Fiction Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 workshop hours. 3 credits. May be repeated once for credit. Prerequisite: ENGL   307. Study the craft of fiction writing, with instruction and guidance toward constructive self-criticism. Workshop members will be expected to produce a substantial volume of short stories or portion of a novel and to become proficient in the critical analysis of fiction in order to evaluate and articulate the strength of their own work. May not be used to satisfy the literature requirement of the College of Humanities and Sciences.

ENGL   439. Advanced Creative Nonfiction Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 workshop hours. 3 credits. May be repeated once for credit. Prerequisite: ENGL   309. Advanced study of the craft of creative nonfiction writing, with instruction and guidance toward constructive self-criticism. Workshop members will be expected to produce a substantial volume of writing or a portion of a book-length work of nonfiction, and to become proficient in the critical analysis of literary nonfiction in order to evaluate and articulate the strength of their own work.

ENGL   445. Form and Theory of Poetry. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of the poetics, including prosody, with attention to the nature and functioning of language in poetry (especially metaphor), the development of poetic genres and the process by which poems are created and come to have meaning.

ENGL   447. Form and Theory of Fiction. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of narration in verbal and other media, with attention to the nature, organization and functioning of language in narrative, the development of narrative genres, and the process by which narratives are created and come to have meaning.

ENGL   449. Form and Theory of Creative Nonfiction. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An examination of one or more types of creative nonfiction. These may include magazine articles, research-based reportage, New Journalism, memoir, biography, autobiography, the meditative essay, the personal essay and others. May also include creative writing in the genre.

ENGL   450. Modern Grammar. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. Study of modern English grammar and usage with some attention to linguistic theory. Recommended for teachers at all levels. May not be used to satisfy the literature requirement of the College of Humanities and Sciences. For English majors, these courses (limit of six credits) may be counted as part of graduate or undergraduate degree, but not both. Crosslisted as: LING   450.

ENGL   451. History of the English Language. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. The historical development of the English language; etymology, morphology, orthography and semantics. May not be used to satisfy the literature requirement of the College of Humanities and Sciences. Crosslisted as: LING   451.

ENGL   452. Language and Gender. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211,215, 236, 291 or 295. A study of relationships between gender and language by focusing on such issues as differences between the ways women and men use language, relationships between language and power and ways in which language reflects and reinforces cultural attitudes toward gender. May not be used to satisfy the literature requirement of the College of Humanities and Sciences. Crosslisted as: LING   452/GSWS   452.

ENGL   453. Modern Rhetoric. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of a broad range of modern rhetorical theories, emphasizing their possible relationships with linguistics, literary criticism, civic engagement and the process of writing. Crosslisted as: LING   453.

ENGL   454. Cross-cultural Communication. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. A study of the dynamics of cross-cultural communication that applies linguistic tools to understanding cultural issues and solving communication problems. Crosslisted as: INTL   454/ANTH   450.

ENGL   455. Language, Culture and Cognition. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: three credits in a 200-level literature course (or equivalent). Introduces theoretical and methodological foundations for the study of language from sociocultural perspectives. The perspectives include linguistic, philosophical, psychological, sociological and anthropological contributions to the understanding of verbal and nonverbal communication as a social activity embedded in cultural contexts. No prior training in linguistics is presupposed. Crosslisted as: FRLG   448/ANTH   448/LING   455.

ENGL   480. Authors: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An advanced study of a specific author’s texts and contexts. Taught in a seminar format with an emphasis on research.

ENGL   481. Genres: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. An advanced study of a single genre, either over time or at a particular historical moment. Taught in a seminar format with an emphasis on research.

ENGL   482. Literary Topics: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. An in-depth study of an aesthetic or cultural theme in literature. Taught in a seminar format with an emphasis on research.

ENGL   483. Literary Texts and Contexts: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An advanced study of a select group of literary texts with emphasis on the culture and historical moment in which they were produced. Taught in a seminar format with an emphasis on research.

ENGL   484. Literary Movements: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291, or 295. An advanced study of a group of writers whose work shares a common subject matter, writing style or philosophy. These may be defined by members of the movement (e.g., the Beats) or by critics in retrospect (e.g., the Metaphysical Poets). Taught in a seminar format with an emphasis on research.

ENGL   485. Literary Theory and Criticism: ____. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of six credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. An advanced study of a single theoretical and critical methodology, or a small cluster of them, as well as of their application to a variety of literary texts. Taught in a seminar format.

ENGL   491. Topics in Writing. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Maximum of 12 credits in all topics courses at the upper level. Prerequisites: UNIV   200 or HONR   200, and ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291 or 295. Intensive study and practice of writing in a specific genre or application. See the Schedule of Classes for specific topics to be offered each semester.

ENGL   492. Independent Study. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; variable hours. Variable credit. Maximum of 3 credits per semester. Student may take no more than 9 hours total. Prerequisite: ENGL   201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 211, 215, 236, 291,or 295. This course is designed for students who wish to do extensive reading and writing in a subject not duplicated by any English course in this bulletin.

ENGL   493. English Internship. 1-3 Hours.

Semester course; 1-3 credits. May be repeated for a maximum total of 6 credits. Prerequisite: three credits in a 200-level literature course (or equivalent). Open to students with demonstrated writing ability; completion of ENGL   302, 304 or 327 is recommended. Permission and determination of credit must be established prior to registration. Students will apply research, writing and/or editing skills in an approved job in areas such as business, government, law or financial services.

ENGL   499. Senior Seminar in English. 3 Hours.

Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: ENGL   301 with a minimum grade of C. Restricted to seniors in English with at least 85 credit hours taken toward the degree. A study of a specific topic, author, movement or genre in a seminar format. Students will produce an extended, documented essay as a seminar paper. See the Schedule of Classes for specific topics to be offered each semester.